Saturday, December 20, 2014

Appendix I.02. - Nat. Org.s Naturo. Sci. Claim

[to return to the main document, click here, http://naturocrit.blogspot.com/]
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I.02.a. AANP type ND:
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the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
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 [for the archive.org history of the AANP's homepages, click here:
beginning 1998 see http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.naturopathic.org; 
which links to the AANP-Alliance web site beginning 1999 http://www.teleport.com/~aanp/alliance/

for AANP's youtube.com channel, click here,
http://www.youtube.com/user/karenhowardaanp;

for their Twitter, click here https://twitter.com/AANP;

for their Facebook, click here, https://www.facebook.com/theAANP]
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[at infinite.org]
[do this,
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[at youtube.com]
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[in "Holly Lucille, ND, Explains the Difference Between a Naturopathic Doctor and Naturopath" (2017)]
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"naturopathic medical school [...is] rooted heavily in the biomedical sciences";
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(click here,
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kTs4tJcUVHI)[saved 2017-02-13]
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[@vimeo.com]
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[in "What is an ND?, Carrie Runde ND" (2015)]
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"naturopathic doctors can be thought of as this wonderful bridge between two worlds that in our current healthcare system unfortunately are thought of as rather separate: the world of conventional medicine / science based medicine, and on the other hand this world that is often known as complementary and alternative medicine [...] naturopathic doctors are uniquely trained to bring these two worlds together [...e.g.] Western biosciences [...plus] the science-based natural medicines [...]";
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(click here,
https://vimeo.com/107429067)[saved 2015-10-08]
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "AANP's Naturopathic Now" (2015)]
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"State associations are increasingly encountering opposition from traditional NDs, on the one hand, and from proponents of 'science-based medicine' on the other";
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(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "1st AnnualCNDA Conference" (2015)]
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"Joseph E. Pizzorno MD [sic., 'ND'] Dr. Joseph E. Pizzorno, Chairman, Scientific Advisory Board of Bioclinic Naturals was appointed by President Clinton in 2000 to the White House Commission on Complementary and Alternative Medicine Policy and by President Bush’s administration to the Medicare Coverage Advisory Committee in 2002, is one of the world’s leading authorities on science-based natural medicine";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Naturopathic Physician 2009-09" (2015)]
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"Full Time Associate Naturopathic Physician Needed: A great opportunity is available for a new grad to join a busy, wellestablished multidisciplinary clinic in Avon, Connecticut. The clinic currently offers services in naturopathy, chiropractic/physical medicine and acupuncture. The physician must be interested in science-based integrative family medicine. Only seriously interested parties submit CV/resume to drjennifer@wholehealthllc.com";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "The Diversity of the Vis Medicatrix Naturae" (2015)]
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"'the scientific exploration of naturopathic medical practices and principles will yield important, even perhaps revolutionary, insights into the nature of health and healing' [...] The Naturopathic Medical Research Agenda (NMRA): The Future and Foundation of Naturopathic Medical Science [...] Science Editor Review [...] Science and Philosophy [...] Science Theory [...] scientific materialism is an incomplete description of realty and thus cannot be the sole philosophy of modern medicine [...] Science and Physics of the Vis [...] emunctorology: an old clinical science brought to a new generation of naturopathic physicians";
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "AANP Call For Research Abstracts – Oral and Poster Presentations" (2015)]
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"each submission will be evaluated for its scientific content [...] basic science [...] anecdotal: based on casual observations rather than scientific analysis [...] epidemiology: the medical science that deals with the study of incidence, distribution and control of a disease in a population";
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Foundations of Naturopathic Medicine Project [...] Progress Report – August 2010" (2015)]
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"science and philosophy [...] Emunctorology: an old clinical science brought to a new generation of naturopathic physicians [...] basic and clinical sciences [...] Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) [...] Vis Medicatrix Naturae – LifeSource Octagon Series on Vitalism and Contemporary Scientific Paradigms [...] Paracelsus [...] practitioner and investigator of natural sciences [...] Rausse [...] articulates scientific principles of water cure [...] Samuel Hahnemann publishes 'The Organon of Rational Medical Science,' founds discipline of homeopathic medicine [...] Heinrich Lahmann [...] one of the first scientific nature doctors [...] Henry Lindlahr [...] founder of scientific naturopathy and naturopathic clinical theory [...] Louis Kuhne authors and B. Lust publishes 'Neo-Naturopathy: The New Science of Healing or the Doctrine of Unity of Diseases' [...] Victor G. Rocine authors 'Foods and chemicals: The science of correct foods' [...] John Bastyr (d. 1995) - physician model for and 'father' of modern day naturopathic medicine. Integrates science, philosophy, patient centered care with physical medicine and wide integration of naturopathic modalities, including nature cure [...] National University of Health Sciences (NUHS) in Lombard, Illinois receives candidacy status by the CNME";
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Delegate Susan Krebs Receives Legislative Champion Award from the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians" (2015)]
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"the field of naturopathic medicine is committed to focusing on disease prevention and use of science-based natural therapies to stimulate healing [...] naturopathic doctors craft treatment plans that blend modern medical science and traditional natural medical approaches";
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Burden of Proof" (2015)]
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"[by] Grant Antoine, ND Candidate - Bastyr University [...] Grant loves the unique blend of medical science and art found in modern naturopathy, and strongly believes naturopathic doctors will be the medical leaders of tomorrow [...] where ND’s and MD’s were making fiery exchanges in the name of science and progress. In my naivety, I thought the fight for licensure was about the scientific validity and credibility of naturopathic medicine. Instead, I found politics as usual [...] I no longer carry the burden of scientific proof with me to cocktail parties and family get-togethers";
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Dr. Matthew Baral" (2015)]
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"Dr. Baral is from New York and made a move west to study naturopathy at Bastyr University in Seattle, Washington, one of the four accredited evidence / science based programs in the country";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "How AANP Is Supporting State Advocacy Efforts" (2015)]
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"new documents have, too, been added from the Maryland Naturopathic Doctors Association, which is battling pushback from the Society for Science-Based Medicine on implementation of ND licensing in Maryland";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine and Licensure: The How-To Guide for Patient Participation in the Grassroots Effort" (2015)]
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"NDs specialize in science-based natural medicine";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "American Association of Naturopathic Physicians (AANP) Guidance Regarding Naturopathic Practice and Care" (2015)]
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"naturopathic physicians are primary health care practitioners, whose diverse techniques include modern and traditional, scientific and empirical methods [...] naturopathic medicine - a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually re-examined in the light of scientific advances";
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(click here,
(archived here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Celebrating Naturopathic Medicine Week 10/7/2013" (2014)]
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"it is time for naturopathic physicians to share with everyone how to support wellness in body, mind and spirit with natural, safe and scientific tested solutions";
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(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Including Naturopathic Physicians in Medicare" (2014)]
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"naturopathic physicians (NDs) combine the wisdom of nature with the rigors of modern science";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Celebrate the Healing Power of Nature October 7-13" (2014)]
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"medical science coursework includes cardiology, neurology, radiology, obstetrics, gynecology, immunology, dermatology, and pediatrics";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "July 2012: Getting Started, Moving Forward" (2014)]
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"underlying both our public education and our advocacy efforts is the continuing need to build a deep science base and to disseminate scientific information in an understandable way. AANP’s Board [...] with Board committees [...including] scientific affairs, our governance processes are aligned with our most important goals";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "For Immediate Release: Colorado Governor Signs Bill Regulating Naturopathic Doctors" (2014)]
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"the law allows naturopathic doctors who have completed a 4-year post-graduate program at an accredited naturopathic medical school and have passed a national science and clinical board exam to register with the state [...] 'an increasing base of scientific research is affirming that naturopathic medicine is useful in the treatment of numerous chronic illnesses,' observed Jud Richland, MPH, Chief Executive Officer of the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians (AANP)";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Jud Richland Named AANP CEO" (2014)]
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"Richland will be responsible for increasing awareness of naturopathic medicine’s scientific foundation";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "2nd Annual ILANP Conference" (2014)]
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"October 11 - 12, 2014 National University of Health Sciences Lombard, IL [...] the conference will be held at the National University of Health Sciences in Lombard, IL [...] what science says about H. pylori and clinical applications [...] we are thrilled to be returning to the National University of Health Sciences for our 2nd year. NUHS is the nation's premier institution for health science education. Here you'll find outstanding preparation in integrative health care professions such as chiropractic and naturopathic medicine, acupuncture and oriental medicine, massage therapy, biomedical science, and more";
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(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "AANMC Professional Competency Profile" (2014)]
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"naturopathic medicine is the philosophy and practice of the art and science of medicine [...] naturopathic medicine utilizes traditional and conventional medical sciences [...] naturopathic medicial education [...includes] biomedical sciences, clinical sciences [...] the naturopathic doctor will [...] integrate biomedical, clinical arts and science knowledge [...] demonstrate knowledge of biomedical and clinical arts and sciences [...] naturopathic doctor's oath [...per] the art and science of naturopathic medicine [...] University of Bridgeport College of Naturopathic Medicine, Health Science Center";
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(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "About Naturopathic Medicine" (2014)]
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"naturopathic physicians are trained in the art and science of natural health care [...] wide range of biomedical and clinical sciences coursework [...] basic and clinical sciences [...] NCNM [...] 1548";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "What is a Naturopathic Doctor?" (2014)]
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"naturopathic physicians combine the wisdom of nature with the rigors of modern science [...] naturopathic physicians keep themselves up-to-date on the latest scientific research and incorporate this evidence into their treatments";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "NCNM to Recognize Dr. Les Griffith for Outstanding Service Leader in Natural Medicine Will Receive Honorary Degree" (2014)]
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"in conferring the degree, NCNM President David J. Schleich, PhD, spoke of the longstanding service that Dr. Griffith has contributed to the profession of natural medicine: 'Dr. Griffith has blazed a remarkable career as an author, educator, public speaker, physician and entrepreneur. His leadership has greatly advanced the profession of science-based natural medicine.' Schleich notes that this prestigious recognition from Griffith’s alma mater is long overdue [...] NCNM’s Helfgott Research Institute is a nonprofit research institute that conducts rigorous independent research to advance the science of natural medicine";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,

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[@assnstrategies.com]
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[in "American Association of Naturopathic Physicians (AANP)Executive Director / CEO Position Profile December, 2011" (2013)]
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"naturopathic medicine has its own unique body of knowledge, evolved and refined through centuries of experience and research. It also incorporates scientific advances from medical disciplines throughout the world. Many of the individual therapies used in naturopathic medical practice have been scientifically validated, especially in the areas of clinical nutrition, botanical medicine, homeopathy, acupuncture, and manipulation. Research is presently being conducted on the effectiveness of the whole system of naturopathic medicine when it is applied to patients with certain conditions [...] career opportunities are posted on the Association’s web site, and members have access to practice expertise through the comprehensive library of articles and information as well as scientific research findings";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Career Resource Center - Participating Companies" (2013)]
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"AIBMR Life Sciences is a well-established and internationally recognized natural products consulting firm, consisting of a team of professionals, including a core staff of NDs, who support the need for science-based natural medicine. The company supports clients with research strategies, scientific evaluation of natural products";
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(click here,

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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Cardiovascular Disease and Antioxidants" (2013)]
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"science is science";
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(click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Action Request" ( 2013)]
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"AANP strongly supports the passage of H.R. 1324  [...] the bill requires establishment of science-based standards for the foods sold along side the federally subsidized breakfast and lunch programs on school campuses [...] trained in the basic medical sciences and conventional diagnostics, naturopathic education also includes therapeutic nutrition, botanical medicine, homeopathy, natural childbirth, classical Chinese medicine, hydrotherapy, naturopathic manipulative therapy, pharmacology and minor surgery";
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(click here,

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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Professional Education" (2013)]
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 "a licensed naturopathic physician (ND) attends a four-year, graduate-level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an MD [...] AANMC Member Schools [...include] National University of Health Sciences [...] University of Bridgeport College of Naturopathic Medicine Health Science Center";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Chapter Two: Naturopathic Approaches" (2012)]
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"naturopathic medicine is based on scientific evidence as well as common sense";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine: A Comprehensive Review of The Naturopathic Profession" (2012)]
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"the art and science of naturopathic medicine [...] the art and science of natural medicine [...] the appropriate use of science [...] the appropriate application of science to natural medical education and clinical practice [...] the scientific tools to assess the validity of their concepts [...] the scientific documentation for many concepts of naturopathic medicine […] the new breed of scientifically trained naturopathic physicians [...] scientific tools now exist to assess and appreciate many aspects of natural medicine [...] a full-time structured curriculum in basic sciences and supervised patient care [x2...] the same basic bio-medical science foundation that allopathic practice is [...] the naturopathic medical profession endeavors to avoid unnecessary judgment of new methods and theories but rather to review them critically, embracing those which stand the test of time and scientific scrutiny [...] the NPLEX Part I, biomedical science examination is equivalent to USMLE Step 1 and COMLEX Level 1 […] they are clinically oriented examinations requiring the synthesis of all basic sciences [...] it is a case based exam requiring the synthesis and application of knowledge of the clinical sciences the naturopathic physicians must have in order to practice safely [...] Basic Science Clinical Correlate I, II & III";
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(click here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[in "Definition of Naturopathic Medicine" (2012)]
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"naturopathic medicine is a distinct method of primary health care: an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of illness [...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care: an art, science and practice of preventing, diagnosing and treating conditions of the human mind and body [...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care: an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles upon which its practice is based. These principles are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances. The techniques of naturopathic medicine include modern and traditional, scientific and empirical methods [...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care: an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances [...] naturopathic physicians are trained as primary health care physicians whose diverse techniques include modern and traditional, scientific and empirical methods"; 
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Global Climate Change and How Naturopaths Keep It Cool" (2012)]
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"basic science of global climate change [...] scientists are increasingly convinced that at least some migratory waterfowl are now carrying the H5N1 [...] should this new role of migratory birds be scientifically confirmed [...] scientific studies comparing viruses from different outbreaks";
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(click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "The Unmedicated Mind" (2013)]
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"plans limit the reasons for visits to scientifically proven techniques [...] the shift comes as scientific research sheds new light [...] says John Horgan, director of the Center for Science Writings at the Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, N.J.";
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(click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "About Naturopathic Medicine" (2013)]
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"naturopathic physicians are trained in the art and science of natural healthcare";
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(click here, 
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Hawaii Expands Scope of Practice For Naturopathic Physicians" (2012)]
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"naturopathic physicians craft comprehensive treatment plans that blend the best of modern medical science and traditional natural medical approaches";
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Coding Secrets Unlocked (2012)"]
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"medical coding [...] a dismal science [...] the science of coding has such a handbook";
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(click here,
(archived here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Multiple Sclerosis – File 2" (2013)]
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"Gisele Mor, the plaintiffs' attorney: 'it ruled that barring scientific evidence, serious, precise, and similar evidence was enough proof' [...] Rebecca Lawrence, ND [...] we're not talking rocket science here [...] Glenna Wilde, ND";
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(click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Hawaii Expands Scope of Practice For Naturopathic Physicians" (2012)]
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"naturopathic physicians craft comprehensive treatment plans that blend the best of modern medical science and traditional natural medical approaches";
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "What Is Naturopathic Medicine?" (2011)]
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"naturopathic physicians craft comprehensive treatment plans that blend the best of modern medical science and traditional natural medical approaches to not only treat disease, but to also restore health. Naturopathic physicians base their practice on six timeless principles founded on medical tradition and scientific evidence";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Naturopathic Physician" (2011)]
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"President's Message: Science and Naturopathic Medicine By Carl Hangee-Bauer, ND, LAc [...] as a student at Bastyr University, I remember Dr. Joe Pizzorno saying that if our profession is to be taken seriously by the larger world of medicine, we must speak in a language that everyone can understand and appreciate. That language is the language of science. Read the rest of the piece at the AANP's blog, 'Physicians Who Listen'";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Naturopathic Medical Schools" (2010)]
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"a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
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(click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "AANP Call For Research Abstracts – Oral and Poster Presentations" (2010)]
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"each submission will be evaluated for its scientific content [...] research category [...] basic science [...] anecdotal: based on casual observations rather than scientific analysis [...] epidemiology: the medical science";
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(click here,
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[AANP's blog naturopathicphysicians.blogspot.com]
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[in "Getting Over It" (2010)]
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"[per ND Johnson] a group of so-called 'skeptics' recently staged public relations events at various cities in Great Britain designed to discredit the science of homeopathy [...] this is just another tantrum by the clueless wing of the scientific/medical community";
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(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "2010 Convention: Speakers" (2010)]
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"Kristy Anderson, NMD [...] I’ll discuss the science behind the food alteration [...] Dr. Austin was the founding chief science officer [...] Dr. Peter Bongiorno graduated from Bastyr University where he completed his doctorate in naturopathic medicine and his masters of science in acupuncture [...] Dr. Briggs was a research scientist [...] a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science [...] Erica Oberg is an Associate Research Scientist at Bastyr University [...] the history, philosophy, and science of water-only fasting [...] clinical pearls based on the best scientific evidence available [...] Emunctorology: An Old Clinical Science Brought to a New Generation of Naturopathic Physicians: during this panel presentation, naturopathic philosophy and history will be merged with medical and scientific applications to explore the development of an old clinical science brought to a new generation of naturopathic physicians [...] core ND science courses [...] Joe Pizzorno, ND [...] is one of the world’s leading authorities on science-based natural medicine [...] Jared M. Skowron, N.D. [...of the] UB Health Sciences Center";
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(click here,
(archived here,
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[at youtube.com: AHJ series]
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[in "Naturopathic Physicians - Show #1, Chapter 1: Naturopathic College (1 of 5)" (2010)]
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"American Health Journal [...] 'bringing you the latest information' [...] 'our program today focuses on naturopathic physicians, doctors who are trained in the art and science of natural medicine [...] we'll look at the stringent standards imposed on naturopathic colleges' [...ND Girrard, Executive Vice-President of Academic and Clinical Affairs says]  'naturopathic medical education begins with a four-year program that includes training in the biomedical sciences such as anatomy, physiology, biochemistry and that type of thing and transitions into the clinical sciences, things that we call the -ologies: such as gynecology, gastroenterology and that type of thing, and continues on within that context related to the diagnostic sciences [...and includes] homeopathy [...student says] 'the first year your get your basic sciences' [...] brought to you in part thanks to a grant from the Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine, from the Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine, from the Boucher Institute of Naturopathic Medicine, and from the Natural College of Natural Medicine [...ND Girrard mentions] the Council on Naturopathic Medical Education [...and] the United States Department of Education [...for] the medical degree that is accredited  [...so students can take] board exams [...and get] licensed";
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(click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in ''Accreditation/CNME" (2010)]
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"a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
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(click here,
(click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Zicam is Not Homeopathy!" (2010)]
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"[via NDs Coward and Lewis] homeopathy is a 200 year-old medicinal science [...] there are too many variables and too little reproducibility to make these studies palatable to conventional scientists";
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(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
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[@naturopathic.org]
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[in "Naturopathic Physician" (2010-01, vol. 193)]
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 "National University of Health Sciences Awards First Diplomas in Naturopathic Medicine Since 1952 [...] in historic commencement ceremonies on December 17th, National University of Health Sciences awarded three graduates the institution's first doctor of naturopathic medicine degree (ND) since 1952";
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(click here,
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[AANP print publication]
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine: Wisdom of Nature, Rigors of Science" (2009)]
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"[NDs use] the best of modern medical science [...per meeting] the rigors of modern science [p.004...that ND degrees are granted by] National University of Health Sciences in Lombard, IL [(also listed on p.031)...that NDs study] diagnostic sciences [...and] clinical sciences [p.007...] naturopathic medicine is based on scientific evidence as well as common sense [p.012...] a growing amount of scientific research supports much of what we already know [p.015...] naturopathic physicians base their practice on six timeless principles founded on medical tradition and scientific evidence [p.023...] returning to the roots of healing does not mean abandoning science [p.024...in the ND oath, the] science of naturopathic medicine [p.029]";
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(ISBN 9781935297185)
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(for the amazon.com page, click here,
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[directly purchased from AANP 2009-08; shipped by USPS in paper form]
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[in "Naturopathic Medicine: Primary Care for the 21 Century" (undated, 2009)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a [...] science [...] naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles that underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances [...] students of naturopathic medicine learn the medical sciences as a foundation [...] the first two years of ND training concentrate on the basic biomedical sciences [p.007...] the second two years integrate the basic biomedical sciences with the clinical sciences [...] each of the major therapies used by naturopathic physicians has considerable scientific literature devoted to it [...] modern naturopathic medicine has incorporated advances in science into its traditional body of knowledge [p.008...] a growing body of scientific research supports the efficacy and safety of various herbs for preventing and treating many health conditions [p.009...] a growing body of scientific literature points to the interrelationship of the mind, body and spirit [...per] a holistic approach [p.009...] naturopathic medicine addresses the need to hold its physicians and organizations accountable to the public for safety and efficacy through a variety of well-accepted mechanisms that are common to all the regulated healthcare professions [...] scientific research on safety and effectiveness [...] Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination (NPLEX) [...] NPLEX prepares a series of sixteen examinations (five basic sciences and eleven clinical sciences) [...] the NPLEX Part 1 - Basic Science Examinations (BSE) are comparable to the basic science examinations in other health care professions [...] the NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examinations (CSE) [...] the NPLEX Part II - Clinical Science Add-on Examinations [...include] homeopathy [p.011...] naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...] the naturopathic medical colleges and professional organizations are committed to scientific evaluation of the medicine. The Scientific Affairs Committee of the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians [p.013...] the scientific literature addressing the effectiveness and safety of naturopathic therapies can be found in many different forms and places [p.014...] naturopathic treatment [...] natural therapies [...] have a growing body of scientific evidence to support their efficacy [p.018...and regarding homeopathy, we're referred to] Homeopathy: A Frontier in Medical Science [p.009]";
.
(also click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Physician" (2009-02, vol. 183)]
.
"a team of medical researchers from National College of Natural Medicine (NCNM) received a first-place basic science research award at the Scripps Annual Conference for Evidence-Based Research for Natural Supplements held last week in San Diego [...] each submission will be evaluated for its scientific content [...] 6th Annual Nutrition and Health Conference, May 10-13, 2009, Chicago, IL at the Marriott Downtown Magnificent Mile. Nutrition and Health: State of the Science and Clinical Applications is the premier nutrition conference for health professionals in the U.S.";
.
(click here,
.
.
[@naturopathic.org]
.
[in "AANP Definition of Naturopathic Medicine Position Paper" (2006)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct method of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of illness [...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science and practice of preventing, diagnosing and treating conditions of the human mind and body [...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles upon which its practice is based. These principles are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances [...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances";
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[@naturopathic.org]
.
[in "Philosophy" and "The Main Message" (2005)]
.
"as professional leaders and pioneers in science-based natural medicine, naturopathic physicians [etc.]";
.
(click here per "Philosophy,"
(archived here per "Philosophy,"
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
(click here per "The Main Message,"
(archived here per "The Main Message,"
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[AANP 2005 press release]
.
[in"20th Annual Convention of US Naturopathic Physicians Convenes Aug. 24, 2005 in Phoenix" (2005)]
.
"naturopathic physicians are unique physicians in that they have been trained in the medical and diagnostic sciences like their MD and DO counterparts";
.
(click here,
.
.
[@naturopathic.org]
.
[in "Education of a Naturopathic Physician" (2005)]
.
"a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.


[@naturopathic.org]
.
[in "Naturopathic Principles and Philosophy" (2005)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is [...a] science [...] distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,

.
[@naturopathic.org]
.
[in "The AANP Stands For Licensure" (2003)]
.
"the modern naturopathic physician (N.D.) is trained in basic medical science and conventional diagnostics, and is qualified through licensing to scientifically apply natural therapeutics in the treatment of disease and restoration of health";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[@naturopathic.org]
.
[in the 'homepage' "What is Naturopathic Medicine?" (2002)]
.
"naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science";
. 
(click here,
(archived here,
.
.
[@naturopathic.org]
.
[in "What Is A Naturopathic Physician?" (1998)]
.
"a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
.
(click here,
http://www.naturopathic.org/Definition.html)

(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[AANP book]
.
[in "A Guide To Alternative Medicine" (1997)]
.
[I own a couple copies of this, much has been OCR'd]
.
"the ancient Chinese science of acupuncture [p.020...] the science of acupressure [p.169...] the science of homeopathy [p.296...] naturopathic medicine is, by no means, frozen in time, either. Practitioners follow advances in science and technology and regularly incorporate new techniques in their practices as long as they are in keeping with the philosophy of naturopathy [p.297...] naturopaths study a standard medical curriculum plus course work in natural therapeutics [p.298...] first two years of training are in basic medical science [p.299]";
.
(ISBN 0785319840)
.
.
.
.
[in "A Textbook of Natural Medicine" (1997)]
.
"the most comprehensive and thoroughly-researched reference on natural health sciences [...] scientific documentation of the healing power of nature [...] scientific and practical review [...] scientific indications [...] thoroughly referenced to the scientific literature";
.
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
..
[@JNM print version]
.

[in "Hello, Out There" (1990)]
.
"many months and years have past since the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians first studied the feasibility of publishing a scientific journal [...] much of the reworking of our traditional heritage, in the light of current advances in the analytic sciences, is still to be done [p.003]";
.
(Journal of Naturopathic Medicine, 1990-07)[I own this]
.
.
[schools advertising site]
.
[member schools list includes Bastyr {09-16-2007}{click here,
.
[in "Naturopathy Question and Answer Sections"]
.
"naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science referring patients to other practitioners for diagnosis or treatment when appropriate [...] a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
.
(click here,
.

(ISBN 9781935297185)

.
the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians Alliance states:
.
["The Alliance, which sponsors this site, is 
a cooperative effort among the AANP, Bastyr University,
National College of Naturopathic Medicine and
the Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences”]
.
.
[in "The Alliance Legislative Workbook" (1998)]
.
"naturopathic physicians are the modern day science based primary care doctor [...] in helping patients [...] we help them develop their very personal science [...] naturopathic medicine is not a technique but a way of life. It is not a belief system, but is based on careful observation of results";
[1998](archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here,
.
.
[in "Education and Training of Naturopathic Physicians: Your Constituents Deserve Standards for Primary Care" (1998)]
.
"to attend naturopathic medical school, applicants complete the same basic science premedical requirements required by the conventional schools of medicine. The first two years of naturopathic education are comparable to the conventional schools of medicine emphasizing basic sciences [...] graduates possess knowledge and skills grounded in a scientific basis";
.
[1998](archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Scientific Basis for Naturopathic Practice" (1998)]
.
"when expert and objective scientists, educators, or regulators have examined the scientific basis of naturopathic medicine, they have concluded that naturopathic medicine, as practiced by the licensable professionals in the U.S., is well grounded in modern scientific method and practice. (See scientific studies.) The American Association of Naturopathic Physicians publishes a peer reviewed scientific journal [...] scientific studies of methods utilized by naturopathic physicians not only validate naturopathic treatments, but leads to their improvement. The Textbook of Natural Medicine includes 10,000 citations of scientific studies on naturopathic methods. Scientific studies and observations have not only held up the validity of diet, herbal medicines, manipulation, and massage, but also treatments including acupuncture, biofeedback, and homeopathy. In many instances, the scientific investigation has not only validated the natural measure, but also led to significant improvements [...] in each of the three main areas of medicine - diagnosis, prevention, and treatment - naturopathic medicine rests on a scientific foundation [...] diagnosis using the same science [...] all thoroughly supported by science, naturopathic physicians are better trained than MD general practitioners (the majority of whom have not taken a single course in nutrition), family practice specialists, or registered dietitians [...] treatment. Each of the major therapies used by naturopathic physicians is rooted in scientific literature and long traditions of clinical use. Modern naturopathic medicine incorporates advances in science into its traditional body of knowledge [...] more than 40 scientific journals worldwide are devoted to clinical nutrition [...] at least 14 scientific journals worldwide are devoted to the study of botanical medicine [...] a large body of scientific literature points to the importance of treatment for psychological and somatic factors and coping mechanisms in many illnesses and complaints [...] dozens of peer reviewd [sp.] journals are devoted to the scientific evaluation of Oriental methods, including both acupuncture and botanical medicine [...] certain naturopathic treatment methods are well supported by conventional science [...] the naturopathic profession continues to develop appropriate modes for outcomes analyses which include methodology acceptable to biomedical scientists";
.
[1998](archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
[1999](archived here,
[2000](archived here,
[2001](archived here,
[2002](archived here,
[2003](archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this web page, click here,
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this {in part}, click here {00.03.58-00.04.32},
.
.
the Canadian Association of Naturopathic Doctors [CAND]states:
.
.
[in "What is Naturopathic Medicine?" (2015)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a primary health care system that merges the ancient philosophies of healing with today’s scientific medical knowledge to provide a broad non-invasive framework for diagnosis, assessment and treatment [...] includes 4,500 hours of training in the basic medical sciences";
.
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine [brochure]" (2015)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct primary healthcare system blending modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural forms of healing [...]prerequisites: bachelor's degree and pre-med sciences [...] program encompasses over 4200 hours of classroom and clinical training including courses in bio-medical sciences, naturopathic sciences, clinical sciences and clinical education";
.
.
.
[in "Sound Bites for Naturopathic Medicine" (2015)]
.
"naturopathic doctors are primary care providers with a minimum of 7 years of post-secondary training in medical and clinical sciences [...] in our first two years, we study medical and clinical sciences similar to those studied by medical doctors [...] both NDs and MDs are primary care providers with similar training in medical and clinical sciences [...] nutritional medicine is well supported by carefully designed scientific clinical trials [...] the direct link between diet, stress and many health conditions is well documented in scientific journals. The evidence base supporting the safety and effectiveness of naturopathic medicine continues to grow daily, as new scientific findings are included";
.
.
.
[in "Environmental Medicine" (2014)]
.
"Emunctorology: An Old Clinical Science Brought to a New Generation of Naturopathic Physicians – Dr. Thomas Kruzel, MT, ND [...] naturopathic philosophy and history will be merged with medical and scientific applications to explore the development of an old clinical science brought to a new generation of naturopathic physicians, emunctorology [...] AR reports for scientific assessment";
.
(click here,
.
[in "Call for Research Abstracts" (2013)]
.
"each submission will be evaluated for scientific content";
.
(click here,
.
.

[in "Using Functional Medicine Blood Testing in a Naturopathic Medical Practice" (2012)]
.
"we are fortunate to live in an era where leaders in science & technology are putting forth cutting edge research, medical diagnostics and imaging [...] evolving science in the field of functional medicine, nutrigenomics, and epigenetics [...] an overwhelming amount of scientific evidence confirms that various nutrient deficiencies are correlated with disease processes and the overall condition of one’s health [...] scientists believe SNP maps [...] but scientists believe others could predispose individuals to [...] to two brilliant scientists, Drs Elizabeth Blackburn and Jack Szostak [...] the power and potential that modern science and technology brings to the table";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Questions: Advantages of Naturopathic Care" (2011)]
.
"naturopathic diagnosis and therapeutics are supported by scientific research drawn from peer-reviewed journals from many disciplines, including naturopathic medicine, conventional medicine, European complementary medicine, clinical nutrition, phytotherapy, pharmacognosy, homeopathy, psychology and spirituality [...] many naturopathic therapies developed out of a rich history of use and have been validated by scientific research [...] the research supporting naturopathic medicine continues to grow and incorporate new scientific findings [...] the Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine (CCNM - www.ccnm.edu) continues to conduct state-of-the-art research that is regularly published in peer-reviewed scientific journals";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Questions: About Naturopathic Medicine" (2011)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct primary health care system that blends modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural forms of medicine [...] naturopathic medicine is the art and science of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "History of Naturopathic Medicine" (2011)]
.
"this was an era of scientific reductionism";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.

[in "About the Canadian Association of Naturopathic Doctors" (2011)]
.
"the vision of the CAND is to be a strong voice in Canadian healthcare and to ensure the optimal health of Canadians through the active promotion of the art and science of naturopathic medicine and the advancement of its practice [...] CAND objectives: promote and develop the science, art, philosophy and practice of naturopathic medicine [...] unite, for their mutual interest, naturopathic doctors in Canada and promote scientific interest and investigation in the field of naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
https://web.archive.org/web/*/https://www.cand.ca/About_The_CAND.about.0.html)
.
.
[in "Health Fusion 2011 Research Session" (2011)]
.
"the CAND is accepting research abstracts for its 'Best of Research: First Canadian Oral Abstract Session' to be held on Saturday, June 25, 2011, during the 2011 CAND Conference in Calgary, Alberta [...] each submission will be evaluated for scientific content and clinical relevance";
.
(click here,
.
(click here, 
.
.
[in "Environmental Medicine" (2011)]
.
"Dr. Thomas Kruzel, MT, ND Emunctorology: An Old Clinical Science Brought to a New Generation of Naturopathic Physicians [...] Emunctorology: An Old Clinical Science Brought to a New Generation of Naturopathic Physicians – Dr. Thomas Kruzel, MT, ND.  During this presentation, naturopathic philosophy and history will be merged with medical and scientific applications to explore the development of an old clinical science brought to a new generation of naturopathic physicians [...] a succinct outline of the practices and procedure within the Marketed Health Products Directorate (MHPD), including information related to the use of AR reports for scientific assessment, will follow";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Publications" (2011)]
.
"Vital Link is a newsletter that is distributed to all members of the CAND [...that] keeps the profession informed and up-to-date with current happenings and provides science-based articles and research on specific health topics";
.
(click here,
.
.
[video]
.
[in "What is a Qualified Naturopathic Doctor and How can I Locate One?" (2011)]
.
"[Jiwa, M. (ND CCNM)] I'm doctor Mubina Jiwa and I'm a qualified naturopathic doctor practicing in Toronto [...] a qualified naturopathic doctor [...has studied at ND school] medical and clinical sciences similar to that of medical doctors [...and are licensed through their] naturopathic physicians' licensing examinations or NPLEX [...in order to practice] naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Professional Affiliations" (2011)]
.
"naturopathic schools [...] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences [...] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Questions: Education and Regulation" (2011)]
.
"like a conventional doctor, dentist, or chiropractor, the naturopathic doctor first completes pre-medical studies at university. The naturopathic student then enters into a four-year, full-time medical program at an accredited school of naturopathic medicine. Training includes basic, medical, and clinical science [...ND schools include] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences (Scottsdale, Arizona) [...] the National University of Health Sciences (Lombard, Illinois)";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Questions: All Questions" (2011)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct primary health care system that blends modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural forms of medicine [...] the art and science of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention [...] naturopathic diagnosis and therapeutics are supported by scientific research drawn from peer-reviewed journals from many disciplines, including naturopathic medicine, conventional medicine, European complementary medicine, clinical nutrition, phytotherapy, pharmacognosy, homeopathy, psychology and spirituality [...] many naturopathic therapies developed out of a rich history of use and have been validated by scientific research [...] the research supporting naturopathic medicine continues to grow and incorporate new scientific findings [...] the Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine (CCNM - www.ccnm.edu) continues to conduct state-of-the-art research that is regularly published in peer-reviewed scientific journals [...] training includes basic, medical, and clinical science [...ND schools include] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences (Scottsdale, Arizona) [...] National University of Health Sciences (Lombard, Illinois) [...] the qualifications to become a naturopathic doctor include: 3 years of pre-med sciences";
.
(click here,
.
[in "Guidelines to Case Report Writing for Naturopathic Doctors" (2011)]
.
"a case report is anecdotal in that it provides informal observations that are uncontrolled, not subject to the scientific method, and cannot be independently confirmed. Although such anecdotal evidence is not regarded as strictly scientific, it is often regarded as an invitation to more rigorous scientific study";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine" (2011)]
.
"training [...] encompasses basic medical sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Questions: Other Topics" (2011)]
.
"the qualifications to become a naturopathic doctor include: 3 years of pre-med sciences at a recognized university";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine in Canada 2010"]
.
"in Canada, the naturopathic medical profession’s infrastructure includes accredited educational institutions, professional licensing boards, professional associations and naturopathic foundations, national standards of practice, participation in many federal health committee initiatives, and a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research [...] the Canadian Association of Naturopathic Doctors has been the naturopathic profession’s national association since 1955. We work together to: promote and develop the science, art, philosophy and practice of naturopathic medicine [...] unite, for their mutual interest, naturopathic physicians in Canada and to promote scientific interest and investigation in the field of naturopathic medicine [...] applicants wishing to take the NPLEX Part I - Biomedical Science or Part II - Clinical Science examinations must apply to NABNE [...] there are two parts to the NPLEX. The NPLEX Part I - Biomedical Science Examination integrates anatomy, physiology, biochemistry and genetics, microbiology and immunology, and pathology into a single examination. The NPLEX Part I Examination assesses whether the student has the background science knowledge needed for entry into the clinical training phase of the naturopathic medical program. NABNE requires successful completion of the Part I - Biomedical Science Examination before the graduate is allowed to take the NPLEX Part II - Clinical Science Examinations. The Part II Clinical Science Examinations test the candidates knowledge of topics relevant to the practice of naturopathic medicine. Passage of the NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination is required for licensure / registration [...] there are two Clinical Science Elective Examinations that arc required in different combinations in different states and provinces [...] the CAND recognizes the following CNME accredited programs [...] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences [...] National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program [...] the mandate of the Committee is to provide the natural health product program directorates with views, feedback, advice and recommendations, including technical, scientific, ethical and communication, on current and emerging issues relevant to the Canadian regulatory framework for NHPs, in order to help facilitate Health Canada’s decision making [...] candidates must successfully complete NPLEX Clinical Sciences examinations, including the acupuncture elective [...] the Naturopathic Physician will practice the art, science and spirit of the profession [...] will recognize a responsibility to give the generally held opinions of the profession when interpreting knowledge of a scientific nature to the public";
.
(click here,
.
.
[press release]
.
[in "Naturopathic Doctors Rally to Promote Naturopathic Medicine on a National Level" (2010)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct primary health care system that blends modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural forms of medicine [...] naturopathic doctors are primary health care providers with 7 years post-secondary education that practice safe, effective, science-based natural health care";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine in Canada 2008"]
.
"in Canada, the naturopathic medical profession’s infrastructure includes [...] a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research [...] mission statement [...] promote and develop the science [...] of naturopathic medicine [...] to promote scientific interest [...] Vital Link [...] this journal keeps the profession informed and up-to-date with current happenings and provides science-based articles and research on specific health topics [...] NPLEX (Part I - Basic Science or Part II - Clinical Science) [...] Part I has five basic science examinations (sections) that assess whether the student has the background science knowledge needed for entry into the clinical training phase of the naturopathic medical program [...] the five Part I - Basic Science Examinations [...] the PART II Clinical Science Examinations [...] passage of the NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination [...] two Clinical Science 'add-on' examinations [...] National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program [...] in the fall of 2007 CAND Chair, Iva Lloyd, ND, traveled to Aligarh, India to take part in a prestigious consultation on unani medical Science [...] the candidate must successfully complete NPLEX Clinical Sciences exams including the acupuncture elective exam [...] principles of naturopathic medicine: the naturopathic physician will practice the [...] science [...] of the profession will recognize a responsibility to give the generally held opinions of the profession when interpreting knowledge of a scientific nature to the public";
.
(click here,
.
.
[video]
.
[in "Canadian Association of Naturopathic Doctors" (2008)]
.
“[text: we are] science based natural medicine [...we have] 7 years of post secondary education. [We are] primary health care providers. [...naturopathy is] a viable choice [etc....voice 3:] 'for more information on naturopathic medicine, or for the name of a licensed naturopathic doctor near you, visit cand.ca'”;
.
[version 01](click here,
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1eq_SuARNSA)[vsc 2010-02-13, 2010-08-28, 2011-05-07]
.
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this, click here,
.
[version 02](click here,
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GT9lHcfvrCA)[vsc 2010-02-13, 2010-08-28, 2011-05-07]
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this {both versions}, click here {00.01.30-00.02.07},
.
.
[in "Press Release" (2007)]
.
“naturopathic doctors are primary health care providers with 7 years post-secondary education that practice safe, effective, science-based natural health care [...] the Canadian Association of Naturopathic Doctors (CAND) has been the national voice of the Canadian naturopathic profession since 1955. CAND membership consists of over 1,500 Naturopathic Doctors and naturopathic medical students”;
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
(click here,
http://www.marketwire.com/press-release/Canadian-Association-Of-Naturopathic-Doctors-648217.html)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medical Conference Set to Kick Off in Halifax" (2007)]
.
"naturopathic doctors are primary health care providers with 7 years post-secondary education that practice safe, effective, science-based natural health care";
.
(click here,
http://www.marketwirecanada.com/2.0/release.do?id=744057)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
[in "Media Kit" (2007)]
.
"recent political activities include [...] the CAND continues to participate at the federal level with various ministries on scientific advisory panels [...] scientific interest in traditional healing methods is expanding [...] twenty-first century naturopathic medicine recognizes the value of research and seeks to make appropriate use of science [...] the four areas of training in the four-year, full-time naturopathic medicine curriculum are: 1. basic sciences. This area of study includes anatomy, physiology, histology, microbiology, biochemistry, immunology and pathology [...] naturopathic medicine [...is] a complete, individualized and coordinated approach to health care integrating modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural forms of medicine. Naturopathic medicine is the art and science of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention [...] goals of the CAND - promote and develop the science, art, philosophy and practice of naturopathic medicine [...Q:] how are naturopathic and conventional doctors alike? [A:] naturopathic and conventional doctors are both required to study biomedical sciences at a four-year accredited graduate medical school [...Q:] is naturopathic medicine scientific? Yes. Naturopathic medicine is based on a solid body of knowledge that has evolved and been refined over centuries. It continues to grow and incorporate scientific advances";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "What is Naturopathic Medicine" (2006)]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct primary health care system that blends modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural forms of medicine. Naturopathic medicine is the art and science of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention [...naturopaths] cooperate with other branches of medical science [...] in Canada, the naturopathic medical profession’s infrastructure includes accredited educational institutions, professional licensing, national standards of practice, participation in many federal health committee initiatives, and a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this {live site}, click here,
.
.
also, without "branches" [in "What is Naturopathic Medicine" (2010)]
.
 (click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Training" (2006)]
.
"to obtain a naturopathic medical credential (ND) that qualifies the recipient to sit for licensing examination students must have the following: prerequisites including three years of pre-medical sciences at a University with a cumulative grade point average 3.00 on a four point scale. Prerequisite courses: biology, biochemistry, chemistry, organic chemistry, introductory psychology and humanities [...] naturopathic doctors undergo training similar to medical doctors plus they include the naturopathic disciplines. The four areas of training in the four year, full-time naturopathic medicine curriculum are: basic sciences - this area of study includes anatomy, physiology, histology, microbiology, biochemistry, immunology, pharmacology and pathology [...ND schools include] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences [...] National University of Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine in Canada 2006"]
.
"in Canada, the naturopathic medical profession’s infrastructure includes [...] a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research [...] mission statement [...] promote and develop the science [...] of naturopathic medicine [...] to promote scientific interest [...] Vital Link [...] this journal keeps the profession informed and up-to-date with current happenings and provides science-based articles and research on specific health topics [...] NPLEX (Part I - Basic Science or Part II - Clinical Science) [...] five basic science examinations assess whether the student has the background science knowledge needed for entry into the clinical training phase of the naturopathic medical program [...] the five Part I - Basic Science Examinations [...] the eleven clinical science examinations [...] seven Part II - Clinical Science Examinations [...] three Clinical Science "add-on" examinations [...] the candidate must successfully complete NPLEX Clinical Sciences exams including the add-on exams in acupuncture and homeopathy [...] the principles of naturopathic medicine [...] the naturopathic physician will practice the [...] science [...] of the profession [...] will recognize a responsibility to give the generally held opinions of the profession when interpreting knowledge of a scientific nature to the public";
.
(click here,

.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine in Canada 2004"]
.
"the Canadian Association of Naturopathic Doctors [...] has been the naturopathic profession’s national association since 1955. We work together to promote and develop the science, art, philosophy and practice of naturopathic medicine [...] unite, for their mutual interest, naturopathic physicians in Canada and to promote scientific interest and investigation in the field of naturopathic medicine [...ND schools include] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences [...] applicants wishing to take the NPLEX (Part I - Basic Science or Part II - Clinical Science) examinations must apply to NABNE [...] there are currently 16 examinations. Five basic science examinations assess whether the student has the background science knowledge needed for entry into the clinical training phase of the naturopathic medical program. Passage of the five Part I - Basic Science Examinations is required for licensure  [...] the eleven clinical science examinations test the candidate's knowledge of topics relevant to the practice of naturopathic medicine. Passage of seven Part II - Clinical Science Examinations is required for licensure  [...] there are three Clinical Science 'add-on' examinations that are required in different combinations in different states and provinces [...] the naturopathic physician will practice the art, science and spirit of the profession to the best of his/her ability [...] the naturopathic physician will recognize a responsibility to give the generally held opinions of the profession when interpreting knowledge of a scientific nature to the public";
.
(click here,
.
.
Canadian Council of Naturopathic Examiners states:
.
[in "Canadian Council of Naturopathic Examiners"]
.
"the Canadian Council of Naturopathic Examiners (CCNE) is the nation's oldest and largest Canadian Association of Naturopathic Physicians. Founded in 1991, CCNE is a nonprofit, scientific, educational, organization [...] the Canadian Council of Naturopathic Examiners (CCNE) uses the CCNEX to examine all naturopathic physicians who want to be licensed in provinces that license NDs [...] five part I - basic science examinations [...] eleven part II - clinical science examinations [...] extensive training in the biomedical sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
. 
Canadian Naturopathic Association [became CAND] states:
 .
(for the archive.org history of this directory, click here,
.
[in "How Are Naturopathic Doctors Trained?"]
.
"training includes basic, medical, and clinical science";
.
(click here,
.
.
Canadian Naturopathic Foundation states:
.
[which is very CAND linked]
.
i.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct primary health care system that blends modern scientific knowledge with traditional and natural forms of medicine. Naturopathic medicine is the art and science of disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention [...] naturopathic doctors [...] cooperate with other branches of medical science [...] in Canada, the naturopathic medical profession’s infrastructure includes [...] a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research";
.
(click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Enhancing Chemotherapy Effectiveness with Simple Vitamin C" by ND Lemmo]
.
"a recent article published October 1, 2008 in the journal Cancer Research further cast doubt on this subject area to a point that even a senior scientist here at the BC Cancer Agency publicly discouraged patients to use Vitamin C together with chemotherapy [...] in general, Vitamin C together with chemotherapy medicines has been shown in the scientific journals to [etc....]  science should be about object reporting of the total evidence";
.
(click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "Research"]
.
"the naturopathic profession in Canada recognizes the value of research and seeks to make appropriate use of science to further the understanding and advancement of naturopathic medicine";
.
(click here,
.
iv.
.
[in "Diabetes- Manageable & Reversible" by ND Trevorrow]
.
"while science is showing that all four interventions will work individually [etc.]";
.
(click here,
.
v.
.
[in "Natural Therapies Used by NDs"]
.
"naturopathic doctors are extensively trained in the art and science of botanical medicine";
.
(click here,
.
vi.
.
[in "Naturopathic Training"]
.
"prerequisites: an undergraduate degree from an accredited university including pre-medical sciences [...] the four areas of education covered in the four year, full-time naturopathic medical curriculum are: 1. basic sciences";
.
(click here,
.
vii.
.
[in "Home Page"]
.
"the Canadian Naturopathic Foundation supports research and public education for the advancement of naturopathic medicine in Canada. A key pillar of this mission is the funding of naturopathic research and reporting important research results to the public. Research is key to ensuring that naturopathic treatments and recommendations are based on scientific investigation and evidence";
.
(click here,
.
viii.
.
[in "History of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"this was an era of scientific reductionism [etc.]";
.
(click here,
.
ix.
.
[in "Reducing Your Risk of Cancer Through Diet" by ND Munkley]
.
"scientific research is increasingly supporting [etc.]";
.
(click here,
.
x.
.
[in "Reducing The Risk of Cardiovascular Disease"]
.
"research is key to ensuring that naturopathic treatments and recommendations are based on scientific investigation and evidence";
.
(click here,
.
.
Council for Naturopathic Medical Education states:
.
[accreditation handbook]i.

a.
.
[in "Handbook of Accreditation for Naturopathic Medicine Programs 2013 Edition"]
.
"only currently enrolled students or graduates of programs that have accreditation or candidacy from the Council are eligible to take Part I (basic science examinations) of the Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examinations (NPLEX), and only graduates of these programs are allowed to take NPLEX Part II (clinical science examinations) [...] the review process takes into account findings identified by the program’s or institution’s outcomes assessment processes and advances in medical sciences [...] including biomedical sciences and clinical sciences [...] including scientific and professional literature [...] NPLEX Part I (biomedical sciences) or NPLEX Part II (clinical sciences) [...] what qualifications are generally required for faculty in the basic science, clinical science [...] take into account findings identified by the program’s and/or institution’s outcomes assessment processes and advances in medical sciences [...] including biomedical sciences and clinical sciences [...] including scientific and professional literature [...] 70 percent or higher on NPLEX Part I (biomedical sciences) and NPLEX Part II (clinical sciences) [...] the basic/biomedical and clinical sciences [...] the courses in basic science provide an in-depth study of the human body. The courses in clinical sciences prepare students to utilize naturopathic therapeutics to diagnose the cause of a disease and treat patients [...] therapeutic subject matter/courses [...including ] homeopathy [x2...] including basic/biomedical and clinical sciences coursework [...] accredited naturopathic medicine programs [...include] National University of Health Sciences 200 E. Roosevelt Road Lombard, Illinois 60148 (630) 889-6566 www.nuhs.edu";
.
(click here,
.
b.
.
[in "Handbook for Accreditation for Naturopathic Medicine Programs 2007 Edition"]
.
"to determine that the courses required of students in the basic sciences, clinical sciences, naturopathic history and philosophy [...] students may apply for the basic sciences portion of the NPLEX after completing the core curriculum [...] the naturopathic medicine program, however, must have the Council’s accreditation or candidacy for graduates to apply for the clinical sciences portion of NPLEX [...] the clinical sciences portion of the curriculum comprises, for the most part, the last two years of the four-year program [...] for the first time consistently have a pass rate of 70% or better on biomedical sciences/part I, and 70% or better on clinical sciences/part II, provide an explanation and information on measures being taken to improve the program’s overall pass rate [...] if data does not support a conclusion that students in the program taking the test for the first time consistently has a pass rate of 70% or better on medical sciences/part I, and 65% or better on clinical sciences/part II [...] within the context of the following Basic Science and Clinical Science curriculum [...] the Basic Sciences portion of the curriculum [...] these subjects are taught in the Basic Sciences curriculum [...] the Clinical Sciences portion of the core curriculum thoroughly prepares students to diagnose the causes of disease and to treat effectively patients who have diseases, using naturopathic therapeutics. Laboratory and clinical demonstrations are utilized to assist development of practical skills. These subjects are taught in the Clinical Sciences portion of the curriculum [...] therapeutic courses [...including] homeopathy [...] the library is adequately staffed by trained professionals in library science [...] courses in basic and clinical science, but not the clinical practicum or electives [...] the courses in basic science provide an in-depth study of the human body, using both lecture and lab. The courses in clinical sciences prepare students to diagnose the cause of a disease and to treat effectively patients who have diseases, using naturopathic therapeutics";
.
(click here,
.
[residency handbook]ii.
.
[in "Handbook for Naturopathic Medicine Residency Programs"]
.
"with all programs generally recommending a bachelor’s degree in a pre-medical field or the natural sciences [...] naturopathic physicians also participate in continuing education programs offered by professional associations and scientific societies [...] develop understanding of/participate in clinical, basic science or other research [...] and local, regional or national professional associations and scientific societies";
.
(click here,
http://www.cnme.org/resources/2012_cnme_residency_handbook.pdf)[]
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
iii.
.
[in "Accredited Programs"]
.
"National University of Health Sciences Naturopathic Medicine Program 200 E. Roosevelt Road Lombard, Illinois 60148 phone number 800.826.6285 fax number 630.889.6600";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
iv.
.
[in "Council on Naturopathic Medical Education Accreditation Standards Adopted June 2009"]
.
"the review process takes into account findings identified by the program’s or institution’s outcomes assessment processes and advances in medical sciences [...] the academic component of the program of study is competency based, and fosters the development of required knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviors in naturopathic medicine, including biomedical sciences and clinical sciences [...] a variety of sources, including scientific and professional literature [...] when the data indicate that 70 percent of first-time test-takers do not consistently pass NPLEX Part I (biomedical sciences) or NPLEX Part II (clinical sciences) [...] a Master’s degree in Library and Information Science";
.
(click here,
.
v.
.
[in "Public Comment Notice"]
.
"the reaffirmation of candidacy for the ND program offered by National University of Health Sciences in Lombard, Illinois";
.
(click here,
http://www.cnme.org/resources/10_public_comment_notice.pdf)[vsc 2013-01-26]
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
vi.
.
[in "Public Comment Notice Regarding the Granting of Initial Accreditation to the Doctor of Naturopathy (ND) Program Offered by the National University of Health Sciences Comments due by October 5, 2011"]
.
"at its meeting scheduled for October 22, 2011, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the Council on Naturopathic Medical Education (CNME)—a U.S. Department of Education-recognized accrediting agency for doctor of naturopathy (ND) programs—will hold a hearing and make a decision on whether to grant initial accreditation to the ND program offered by the National University of Health Sciences (NUHS). Currently, NUHS’s ND program has CNME candidacy status";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Endocrine Association of Naturopathic Physicians states:
.
.
[in "About ENDOANP"]
.
"the Endocrinology Association of Naturopathic Physicians is committed to advancing the philosophy, science, and practice of naturopathic endocrinology [...] Dr. Lorinda Sorensen is an assistant professor at National University of Health Sciences, where she teaches classes in naturopathic";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Find an ND"]
.
"Lorinda Sorensen, N.D.National University of Health Sciences 200 E. Roosevelt Rd Lombard, IL 60148t. 630-889-6502";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Federation of Naturopathic Physician Licensing Authorities states:
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Physicians"]
.
"naturopathic Physicians (N.D.) are [...] educated in conventional medical sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Education"]
.
"after receiving a bachelor's degree incorporating the premedical sciences, naturopathic physicians [etc....] naturopathic training includes the basic medical sciences, followed by completion of the national basic science board exams";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
findnd.com states:
.
.
[in "History of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"[attributed to ND Pizzorno] in 1978, the John Bastyr College of Naturopathic Medicine (later renamed Bastyr University) was formed in Seattle Washington by Joseph E. Pizzorno, Jr., ND, Lester E. Griffith, ND, William Mitchell, ND, and Sheila Quinn to teach science-based natural medicine. Bastyr became the first naturopathic college to become accredited [...] bringing an appreciation for the appropriate use of science and modern college education [...] an appreciation of the appropriate application of science to natural medicine education and clinical practice [...] a considerable amount of research has provided the scientific documentation for concepts of naturopathic medicine [...] the new breed of scientifically-trained naturopathic physicians [...] the scientific tools now exist to assess and appreciate many aspects of natural medicine";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Education"]
.
"a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D. [...] the first two years of naturopathic school emphasize the basic sciences [...] and other clinical sciences [...] scientific basis for naturopathic medicine. When expert and objective scientists, educators, or regulators have examined the scientific basis of naturopathic medicine, they have concluded that naturopathic medicine as practiced by the licensable professionals in the U.S. is well grounded in modern scientific method and practice. Scientific studies of methods utilized by naturopathic physicians not only validate naturopathic treatments, but leads to their improvement [...] the Textbook of Natural Medicine includes over 10,000 citations of scientific studies on naturopathic methods. Scientific studies and observations have not only held up the validity of diet, herbal medicines, manipulation, and massage, but also treatments including acupuncture, biofeedback, and homeopathy. In many instances, the scientific investigation has not only validated the natural method, but also led to significant improvements [...] in each of the three main areas of medicine - diagnosis, prevention, and treatment - naturopathic medicine rests on a scientific foundation [...] diagnosis using the same science [...] all thoroughly supported by science [...] each of the major therapies used by naturopathic physicians is rooted in scientific literature [...] modern naturopathic medicine incorporates advances in science into its traditional body of knowledge [...] NPLEX consists of three sections, the basic science exams, the clinical science exams [...] the NPLEX clinical exams are designed to test the candidate's knowledge of the clinical sciences needed to be a safe and effective naturopathic physician";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Foundation for Alternative and Integrative Medicine states:
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine Schools"]
.
"[credited to the AANMC] naturopathic doctors cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...] their practice is based on the same basic biomedical science foundation as allopathic practice [...] naturopathic medical students study the same core biomedical sciences as MD students [...] there are a variety of ways for interested students with an aptitude for the health sciences to launch their career in the growing field of naturopathic medicine [...ND schools include] Bastyr University [where] students learn to view nature as the ultimate teacher of science [...and] National University of Health Sciences (NUHS)";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Foundations of Naturopathic Medicine Project states:
.
.
[in "First International Editors Retreat"(2007)]
.
"[127 instances of the root 'science'] in-kind contributors [...] naturopathic medicine program, National University of Health Sciences [p.004...] Fraser Smith, ND. Director, Naturopathic Medicine Program. National University of Health Sciences. Lombard, Il (630) 889-6718 fsmith@nuhs.edu [...] Louise Edwards, ND, LAc. National University of Health Sciences. Namaste Health Clinic. Durango, CO. (970) 247-2043 drlounamaste@gobrainstorm.net [p.007...] six chapter drafts on the vis medicatrix naturae which, with appropriate revision, will be publishable in the textbook and scientific journals [...] exemplar of Lindlahr’s matrix analysis, with Lindlahr’s concepts connected to concepts in new sciences such as systems theory [...] inclusive of both scientific and phenomenological evidence [p.017...] the philosophy of science [...] new sciences [...] to increase rigor and capacity for scientific exploration of concepts in naturopathic philosophy [p.019...] NMRA Directives and a Scientific Analysis of the VMN Concept (including comments on spirituality) – Leanna Standish, ND, PhD, LAc [...] six chapter drafts on the healing power of nature which, with appropriate revision, will be publishable inthe textbook and scientific journals [...] to increase rigor and capacity for scientific exploration of concepts in naturopathic philosophy [p.020...] the materialistic (Newtonian, Aristotelian) sciences of recent centuries has rejected the idea of a 'vital principle' at work in nature [...] in many areas of science [...] the stuff of science [...] the resulting 'science' [...] the non-Aristolean reality unavailable to 'modern science' [p.023...] the materialist sciences [p.024...] Leanna Standish, ND, PhD, LAc.  Professor, Bastyr University. Science section lead [...] scientific materialism [...] neuroscience [...] scientific materialism [...] the findings of the 'new science' support [...] the vis concept is especially useful if it directs our deep scientific inquiry [p.025...] neuroscience [p.028...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct method of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of illness [p.029...] to increase rigor and capacity for scientific exploration of concepts in naturopathic philosophy [p.030...] the prevailing scientific paradigm ('normal science') [...] noetic sciences [...] nomothetic science [...] 'scientific laws' [...] the failure of the prevailing scientific paradigm [...] a new scientific paradigm [...] from 'normal science' to systems science [p.031...] systems science has taught me [...] the noetic sciences [p.032...] the physical sciences [...] the prevailing scientific paradigm [p.033...] there is scientific evidence [p.034...] both scientific and phenomenological evidence [p.035...] a suitably enlarged science [...] 'An Integrative Review of the Concept of Spirituality in the Health Sciences' [p.036...] did emphasis on science contribute to less focus on spirit [p.040...] spirituality and science [...] acknowledge the mystery and limits of science [...] pioneers in interfacing spirituality and science [...] systems theory vs. scientific method [p.041...] setting principles of naturopathic medicine within philosophy of science [...] the role of language in the sciences [...] to increase rigor and capacity for scientific exploration of concepts in naturopathic philosophy [...] the philosophy of science [...] within the discipline of the philosophy of science [p.044...] setting principles of naturopathic medicine within philosophy of science [...] to set principles of naturopathic medicine within philosophy of science [...] to lead into the question of medical epistemology it is fitting to review some of the background in philosophy of science [...] what do scientists mean [...] the status of truth claims in science [...] what do philosophers really do when they reflect on/write about science [...] for the sciences, however [...] the synthetic a priori is aligned with that of the sciences [p.045...] for scientists [...] much of the 19th century scientific effort was spent to establish science as free of the influence of the subjective [...] the history of science itself [...] revolution in the sciences [...] which the sciences describe and explain [x2...] in his Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Thomas Kuhn [...] he terms normal science [...] the development of the natural sciences [...] a very new field in the philosophy of science is phenomenology of medicine [p.046...] within the context of philosophy of science [...] what do scientists mean [...] what is the status of truth claims in science? [...] questions about the role of language in the sciences [p.047...]in other health and scientific disciplines [p.051...] in new sciences such as systems theory [...] and the philosophy of science [...] new sciences [p.052...] especially if a rigorous scientific approach is taken [...] the science of physiological restoration [...] provide a firm scientific foundation for research and clinical application [...] this chapter provides a basic blue print for developing a scientific foundation for naturopathic medicine principles [p.056...] science-based medicine that connects the emerging research base to clinical practice [p.057...] a scientific naturopathic philosophy [...] a strong scientific foundation for the therapeutic order [p.058...] how we could update and make more scientific our naturopathic concepts and principles [...] better scientifically describe symptom suppression [p.059...] Blackwell Scientific Publications [p.064...] the advent of the biological sciences [...] as science gained the tools to [p.065...] science tends to acknowledge the existence of only that which is measurable, quantifiable, and reproducible [p.069...] that which is laid down as true concerning a particular department of knowledge as religion, politics, science [p.072...] the same basic sciences [...] two years of basic sciences followed by two or more years of clinical sciences [p.079...] establish its foundation natural science [p.084...] despite broad scientific endorsement [...] nutritional science [p.085...] the science of baths and their therapeutic uses [p.086...] the science of trophology [p.091...] exercise science [p.092...] into more rigorous scientific language [p.094...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care – an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness [...] scientific nutrition [p.096...] get rigorous submissions from faculty teaching these sciences [p.106...] naturopathic medicine is both a science and art [...] applies sound medical, scientific and traditional knowledge [p.109...] a unique healing art and science [...] naturopathic medicine has a sound basis in scientific medicine [...] unless it is 'scientifically' validated [p.110...] a system of rules or principles dealing with the methods of a science or art…explaining a class of phenomena [p.117...] scientific investigation [p.120...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct method of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of illness [...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science and practice of preventing, diagnosing and treating conditions of the human mind and body [...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles upon which its practice is based. These principles are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances. The techniques of naturopathic medicine include modern and traditional, scientific and empirical methods [p.124...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles, which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances [...] naturopathic physicians are primary health care practitioners, whose diverse techniques include modem and traditional, scientific and empirical methods [p.125...] a system of rules or principles dealing with the methods of a science or art [p.133...] in Christian science: god [...] science [p.135...] naturopathic medicine is a distinct method of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of illness [p.137]";
.
(click here,
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here,http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZbiJYmM66Us)
.
.
[in "The Heart of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
 "section four: science and clinical theory [...] the new sciences [...] editors, our community of naturopathic physicians, scientists, teachers [...] about Joseph I. Pizzorno, Jr.: one of the world’s leading authorities on science-based natural medicine [...] this is where science and religion have parted company [...] one being the linear, scientific paradigm [...] do we need to translate the philosophy of vitalism into the science of our day [...] to today’s science to explain it [...] Bastyr University first came into being, its mission to be scientific and prove that natural medicine has a scientific basis was important [...] a position that’s not just 'either you're scientific or you’re not' [...] I think that most of the pure sciences [...] Medicine, Science, Art [...] the larger scientific and spiritual communities [...] the intersection of science and spirituality [...] in recent years, so much really solid science has emerged on the influence of prayer, intention and energetic medicine in healing [...] I used to have this internal schism between my spiritual life and my intellectual or scientific life [...] now, with the increasing investigation of the intersection of science and spirituality that schism is gone. [...] one of the things that scientists and philosophers are exploring [...] to clinical theory and application, to scientific research [...] she teaches at Bastyr University and National University of Health Sciences [...] because I am a scientist";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Institute For Human Individuality and SCNM state:
.
[in “Dr. Joseph Pizzorno”]
.
“Dr. Joseph E. Pizzorno, Jr., N.D […] is one of the world’s leading authorities on science-based natural medicine […] his ‘decades of work establishing the scientific and educational foundation of natural medicine’ […] he travels worldwide, consulting, lecturing and promoting science-based natural medicine and collaborative healthcare”;
.
(click here,
.
.
the Institute for Natural Medicine states:
.
[lists the following NDs:  Bragg, Sensenig, Swope, Timberlakem 
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"as practiced today, naturopathic medicine uses modern treatments (i.e. IV therapy and ultrasound treatment) and traditional natural therapies - that may include botanical medicine, clinical nutrition, homeopathy, oriental medicine, hydrotherapy, and naturopathic spinal manipulation. These natural approaches are guided by modern scientific medical diagnostic science and standards of care [...] naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...] taken from the American Association of Naturopathic Medical Colleges";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "INM institute for Natural Medicine, Get The Facts"]
.
"naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science [...] the INM vision is to make high quality information available to the public, health care professions and the scientific community in the field of natural health";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Institute for World Integrated Neurocenters states:
.
[in “Doctor of Naturopathy”{staff list includes Meager, T. (ND ?) & Meager-Benson, A. (ND ?)}]
.
"the naturopathic physician has a doctor of naturopathic medicine (N.D.) degree from a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical college […] naturopathic physicians (N.D.’s) are general practitioners trained as specialists in natural medicine. They are educated in the conventional medical sciences […] naturopathic physicians treat disease and restore health using therapies from the sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
mywebnd.com states:
.
 [in "Our Philosophy"]
.
"as professional leaders and pioneers in science-based natural medicine, naturopathic physicians";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
Natural Doctors International states:
.
[in "FAQ's"]
.
  "licensed naturopathic physicians have attended four-year professional-level programs at accredited institutions, where they have been educated in the same basic sciences as allopathic physicians.  Some naturopathic schools may even require more hours of basic and clinical science than many top allopathic medical schools. The first two years of study focuses on basic and clinical sciences  [...] naturopathic physicians use the Western medical sciences as a foundation";
.
 (click here,
http://www.ndimed.org/api/Index.cfm/cms.page/i/1837/t/FAQ%27s.htm)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
the National Institutes of Health state:
.
 [in "Alternative Medicine: Expanding Medical Horizons"(1995)]
.
"as practiced today, naturopathic medicine integrates traditional natural therapeutics [...] with modern scientific medical diagnostic science and standards of care [p.xvii...]there are two accredited U.S. naturopathic medical schools [...including] Bastyr College of Natural Sciences in Seattle, WA [p.088]"
.
 (ISBN 078811820X)
.
.
Naturopath.org.uk states:
.
[in “History of Naturopathic Medicine”]
.
“one of the most visible steps towards the profession's modern renewal was the opening in 1956 of National College of Naturopathic Medicine in Portland, Oregon. This was the first of the modern naturopathic medical schools offering four-year, science-based naturopathic medical training”;
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Naturopathic Education and Research Consortium states:
.
i.
.
[in "Naturopathy"]
.
"naturopathic physicians (N.D.s) are the highest trained practitioners in the broadest scope of naturopathic medical modalities. In addition to the basic medical sciences and conventional diagnostics [...] they integrate scientific research with the healing powers of nature [...] as professional leaders and pioneers in science-based natural medicine, naturopathic physicians [...] a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Doctors and Mentors"]
.
"naturopathic physicians (N.D.s) are the highest trained practitioners in the broadest scope of naturopathic medical modalities. In addition to the basic medical sciences [etc.]";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
Naturopathic Medical Student Association states:
.
i.
.
[in "National University of Health Sciences"]
.
"National University of Health Sciences, located in Chicago, Illinois, is offering you unparalleled preparation in expanding health care professions such as chiropractic, naturopathic, and oriental medicine, acupuncture, massage therapy, biomedical science, and more. National University of Health Sciences, the nation’s premier institution for complementary and alternative medical education, is offering a doctor of naturopathic medicine program (N.D.), which will prepare you to practice as a licensed naturopathic physician. National’s N.D. program provides you with a rigorous curriulum that blends thorough scientific foundation with comprehensive training in traditional naturopathic treatments. http://www.nuhs.edu/";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Official Game Book 2011"]
.
"the questions will encompass the following topics [...] basic science: a. physiology, b. anatomy, c. immunology, d. microbiology";
.
(click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "The Naturopathic Medical Student Association (NMSA) Summer 2011 Newsletter"]
.
"at National University of Health Science, the school saw its first Natural Doctors International (www.ndimed.org) brigade to Nicaragua, tire-lessly organized by GHR Crystal Foresman-Landers [...] most of the participants were students from National University of Health Sciences (NUHS) in Lombard, Illinois [...] the US Secretary of Education and the Carnegie Institute recognizes ND programs as equivalent to our MD and DO counterparts [...] we also requested an amendment Titles I, III, IV, V, VI, and X of PL 111-148, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, to include the following definition: an Integrative Health Care Practitioner, acting within the scope of that provider‘s license or certification under applicable State law, addresses the underlying causal factors associated with chronic disease; improves individual health and increases individual capacity to engage in activities of daily living though lifestyle change, in-cluding strategies relating to diet, exercise, smoking cessation, and stress reduction; and pro-vides patient-centered care that [...] uses a multidimensional approach to encourage patients to improve their own wellness through lifestyle changes and the use of scientifically based therapies and outcomes based treat-ments that facilitate the inherent ability of the human body to maintain and restore optimal health"; 
.
(click here,
.
iv.
.
[in "Bastyr Graduates Learn Integrated Medicine, Without the Influence of Big Pharma: An Interview with Dr. Joseph Pizzorno"]
.
"Dr. Pizzorno: Well, it's in many ways quite similar to conventional medicine. In order to enter a naturopathic medical school, a student first has to complete a pretty standard pre-med, and it's a four-year graduate school, and upon graduation, they either go into practice or into a residency, and then they have to take the state boards to become licensed [...] the first two years we teach basic medical sciences [...] Bastyr University has probably the highest standards, it's the most difficult to get into, probably because we've been accredited the longest and have, I think, the most rigorous science program";
.
(click here,
.
v.
.
[in "Local Chapters"]
.
"Bastyr University, located north of Seattle, Washington, is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences [...] National University of Health Sciences, located in Chicago, Illinois, is offering you unparalleled preparation in expanding health care professions such as chiropractic, naturopathic, and oriental medicine, acupuncture, massage therapy, biomedical science, and more";
.
(click here,
.
vi.
.
[in "What is Naturopathy"]
.
"[quoting Lust] 'naturopathy, is a distinct school of healing, employing tile beneficent agency of nature's forces, or water, air, sunlight, earth power, electricity, magnetism, exercise, rest, proper diet, various kinds of mechanical treatment, mental and moral science';
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
vii.
.
[in "The Naturopathic Medical Student Association Spring 2011 Newsletter"]
.
"the scientific exploration of naturopathic medical practices and principles will yield important insights into the nature of health and healing [...] we have excellent scientific minds in the profession [...] the scientific challenges we face [...] August 2: Part I - Biomedical Science Exam Administration; August 3 : Part II - Core Clinical Science Exam Administration (Section 1) , Part II - Clinical Elective Minor Surgery Exam Ad-ministration August 4 : Part II - Core Clinical Science Exam Administration (Section 2) Part II - Clinical Elective Acupuncture Exam Ad-ministration; August 5 : Part II - Core Clinical Science Exam Administration (Section 3)";
.
(click here,
.
viii.
.
[in "UBCNM: University of Bridgeport College of Naturopathic Medicine"] 
.
"the University of Bridgeport College of Naturopathic Medicine is a non-profit, co-educational professional institution which grants the Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine (N.D.) degree to graduates who successfully complete four academic years of study including clinical training. The program is offered on a full-time basis with no students admitted to a part-time course of study. There are no correspondence nor distance-learning courses offered. Naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care—an art, science and practice of preventing, diagnosing and treating conditions of the human mind and body. http://www.bridgeport.edu";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
ix.
.
[in "NUHS: National University of Health Sciences"]
.
"National University of Health Sciences, located in Chicago, Illinois, is offering you unparalleled preparation in expanding health care professions such as chiropractic, naturopathic, and oriental medicine, acupuncture, massage therapy, biomedical science, and more";
.
(click here,
.
x.
.
[in "Speakers"]
.
"Pamela Snider, ND [...] received her ND degree in 1982 from Bastyr University of Natural Health Sciences";
.
(click here,
.
xi.
.
[in "Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"Graduates are educated in the same basic sciences as MDs"; 
.
(click here,
.
xii.
.
[in "Bastyr University"]
.
"Bastyr University, located north of Seattle, Washington, is one of the world's leading academic centers for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences";
.
(click here,
.
xiii.
.
[in "ZRT Cup: Bridgeport wins the ZRT Cup!!!"]
.
"congratulations also to the 2011 ZRT Cup Runners Up: National University of Health Sciences!  NUHS came in second place";
.
(click here,
.
ix.
.
[in "Philosophy"]
.
"the naturopathic profession has cultivated over the past 100 years that ultimately brings us together as a distinct body of physicians engaged in the art and science of healing";
.
(click here,

x.
.
[in "Environmental Medicine"]
.
 "Emunctorology: An Old Clinical Science Brought to a New Generation of Naturopathic Physicians – Dr. Thomas Kruzel, MT, ND During this presentation, naturopathic philosophy and history will be merged with medical and scientific applications to explore the development of an old clinical science brought to a new generation of naturopathic physicians [...] Thomas Kruzel, ND, will discuss the study of the organs of elimination (emunctories) as a complex system and their role in approaching and managing simple and complex case alike using drainage, depuration, elimination, and detoxification via a wide range of naturopathic modalities [...] including information related to the use of AR reports for scientific assessment, will follow";
.
(click here,
.
.
.
the Naturopathic Medicine Council of Canada states:
.
[in "Welcome to NMCC"]
.
"students complete two years of post-graduate basic science coursework [...] the Canadian Council of Naturopathic Examiners (CCNE) uses the CCNEX to examine all naturopathic physicians who want to be licensed in provinces that license NDs. The Canadian Council of Naturopathic Examiners (CCNEX) are criterion-referenced examinations. Five Part I - Basic Science Examinations cover anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, immunology, and pathology. The Part I Examinations are taken after the second year of training. Eleven Part II - Clinical Science Examinations cover diagnosis using physical examination and lab testing, emergency and medical procedures, as well as naturopathic treatment modalities (botanical medicine, homeopathy, clinical nutrition, physical medicine, counseling & health psychology). The CCNEX examinations are developed according to all the guidelines set forth in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing [...] after graduation from the accredited naturopathic medical college and passage of Part II - Clinical Science Examinations, candidates apply to one of the jurisdictions that have laws that enable licensed naturopathic physicians to serve their communities as providers of primary care medicine in Canada. Licensed NDs are required to obtain continuing education and are subject to peer review [...] students in both allopathic and naturopathic medical colleges receive extensive training in the biomedical sciences, and in physical, clinical, and lab diagnosis";
.
(archived here,
.
.
Naturopathic Medicine Network states:
.
i.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing [...that are] based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in light of scientific analysis";";
.
(click here, 
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Naturopathic Education"]
.
"the degree of doctor of naturopathic medicine requires four years of graduate level study in the medical sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Naturopathic Public Awareness Campaign states:
.
.
i.
.
[in “About Naturopathic Medicine”]
.
“naturopathic medicine is an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances […] in the United States, the naturopathic medical profession’s infrastructure includes accredited educational institutions, professional licensing, national standards of practice, peer review, and a commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research […] naturopathic doctors are primary healthcare practitioners, whose diverse techniques include modern and traditional, scientific and empirical methods […] naturopathic medicine is a scientifically proven and time-tested system of healthcare”;
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "What is a Naturopathic Physician?"]
.
"is naturopathic medicine scientifically based? Yes";
.
(archived, here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "Licensure"]
.
"NPLEX (Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Examination). NPLEX is the standard examination used by all licensing jurisdictions for naturopathic doctors in North America. It includes 5 basic science exams (anatomy, physiology, pathology, biochemistry, microbiology and immunology) which are taken after the first two years of medical school. The clinical science examinations are taken following graduation after the fourth year of school. They include: clinical and physical diagnosis, laboratory diagnosis and diagnostic imaging, botanical medicine, pharmacology, nutrition, physical medicine, homeopathy, minor surgery, psychology and lifestyle counseling, and emergency medicine. Individual jurisdictions may give additional examinations in jurisprudence and acupuncture";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
iv.
.
[in "Education"]
.
"after completion of standard premedical undergraduate coursework, a naturopathic doctor (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D. or D.O. [...] the training consists of comprehensive study of the conventional medical sciences";
.
(click here,
http://www.globalnpac.org/education.htm)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
the North American Board of Naturopathic Medical Examiners states:
.
i.
.
[in “What's New for 2006...”]
.
"the NPLEX Examinations […] the Part I - Basic Science Examinations […] the Part II - Clinical Science Examinations […] beginning with the August 2007 NPLEX Exam Administration, the Part II - Core Clinical Science Series will be integrated into a single examination that includes homeopathy";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Bulletin of Information for the NPLEX® Part II - Clinical Science Examinations, February 2013 NPLEX Administration"] 
.
"February 6, 2013 administration of the core clinical science examination (section 1) [...] February 7, 2013 administration of the core clinical science examination (section 2) [...] February 8, 2013 administration of the core clinical science examination (section 3) [...] you must apply to take the NPLEX Part II - clinical science examination on the NABNE website at www.nabne.org [...] the Part II - Clinical Science Exam Application & Admin Fee has increased to US$175 [...] you will receive one free .pdf download of the Study Guide for the NPLEX Part II - Clinical Science Examinations [...] the NPLEX Part II - Clinical Science Examinations [...] PREPARATION TO TAKE THE NPLEX PART II - CLINICAL SCIENCE EXAMINATIONS NPLEX Part II - Clinical Science Study Guide [...] the NPLEX PART II - CLINICAL SCIENCE EXAMINATIONS [...] the NPLEX Part II - Clinical Science Examinations are taken after you have taken and passed the NPLEX Part I - Biomedical Science Examination [...] every jurisdiction that licenses/registers naturopathic physicians requires that you pass the NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination [...] a minimum four-academic-year, in-residence curriculum in biomedical science [...] you are eligible to take the NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination if [...] tou have met the biomedical science examination requirement within the past 10 years [...] you have already taken or will be taking the Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination during the same NPLEX administration [...] you have previously passed the NPLEX Part II - Clinical Science Exam Series [...] If you were enrolled in an ANMP prior to January 2008, have had all biomedical science coursework waived by the ANMP [...] on file with NABNE before you apply to take the Part II - Clinical Science Examinations [...] if you have not taken and passed the NPLEX Part II - Core Clinical Science Examination within ten (10) years of passing the NPLEX Part I - Basic Science Series or Biomedical Science Examination, you will be required to retake and pass the Part I - Biomedical Science Examination before you will be allowed to take or retake the Part II - Clinical Science Examinations [...] apply to take or retake the NPLEX Part II - Clinical Science Examination (or to re-activate a deferred application) online at www.nabne.org [...] the period for application to take the February 2013 NPLEX Part II - Clinical Science Examinations is [...] if you have previously taken the Part II - Clinical Science Examination(s) [...] a Part I transcript request can be made when you apply to take the Part II - Clinical Science Examination(s) [etc....]";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Ontario Association of Naturopathic Doctors states:
.
[in "HPRAC Recommends Larger Role for NDs in Primary Care"(2009-02-02)]
.
"science-based, safe and effective, patient-centred care are at the heart of all ND care";
.
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Society of Licensed Naturopaths states:
.
[in "Did You Know That"]
.
"did you know that […] graduates of accredited naturopathic medical colleges are required to have more hours of study in basic sciences and clinical sciences than graduates of Yale or Stanford medical schools […] to heal in harmony with the natural functions of the body without harm is the underlying principle of the naturopathic system of medicine. The intent is to support the natural healing potential of the human body as validated by modern scientific research. It is this combination of the healing power of nature and scientific methods that makes naturopathic medicine an important system of medicine for today's health care […] it may surprise some people to know that N.D.'s and M.D.'s have some areas of common ground, namely their education. M.D.'s are schooled in basic sciences and clinical sciences to prepare them for the various illnesses and emergencies they will face during their practice. N.D.'s are also well trained in all these sciences in their education […mentions twice] Bastyr University of Natural Health Sciences […and] Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences […] education and training. Naturopathic physicians are well educated in the basic clinical sciences […] according to the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians, 'naturopathic physicians (N.D.'s) are general practitioners trained as specialists in natural medicine. They are educated in the conventional medical sciences […] naturopathic physicians treat disease and restore health using therapies from the sciences’ […] closing thoughts […] as highly skilled and well educated about the human body as graduates of Stanford or Yale medical schools";
.
(click here,
http://www.naturopathy-slnmd.org/W13.php?PHPSESSID=c54a3525172371b339403141647dfb34)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
I.02.b. nonAANP type ND:
.
.
the American Association of Naturopathic Medicine states:
.
i.
.
[in "History of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
the principles of naturopathy [creed] continue to be confirmed and validated as ongoing scientific knowledge of natural healing becomes available. Ongoing research in diagnosis, nutrition, botanical medicine, homeopathy, manipulative medicine, physiotherapeutics, psychology, immunology and other biomedical and clinical sciences continue to contribute to the development of naturopathic medicine [...] 'scientific medicine,' also known as 'pharmaceutical medicine'";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
ii.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medical Education"]
.
"their[ND’s] education includes basic and clinical sciences [...] such conventional science courses as anatomy, physiology, microbiology, pathology, histology, and biochemistry, and such clinical sciences as ayurvedic medicine, oriental medicine [...and] homeopathic medicine [...] the following pre-medical science are required [...] two years of basic sciences and two years of clinical sciences”;
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
Australian Natural Therapists Association (ANTA) states:
.
[in "Recognized Course List"]
.
“recognized course list […] Australian College of Natural Medicine (Brisbane) […] Bachelor of Health Science (Naturopathy) […and] Advanced Diploma of Health Science (Naturopathy) […] Australian College of Natural Medicine (Gold Coast) […] Bachelor of Health Science (Naturopathy) […and] Advanced Diploma of Health Science (Naturopathy)”;
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Council on Naturopathic Registration and Accreditation states:
.
[in "What Is A Naturopath?"]
.
"naturopathy is defined as a complete science of healing";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this, click here,
.
.
the South African Naturopathy Association states:
.
i.
.
[in "Naturopathic Training in South Africa"]
.
"a naturopathic degree program was introduced in 2003 at UWC. The training consists of a double degree, starting with a 3-year bachelor of science degree in complementary medicine (BSc CHS), covering basic and pre-clinical sciences. This is followed by an additional 2-year full-time training program geared at professional practitioner status, culminating in a bachelor's degree in naturopathy";
.
(click here,
http://www.naturopathy.org.za/naturopathic_training.htm)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
ii.
.
[in "What is a Naturopath?"]
.
"the modern naturopathic doctor is [...] educated in basic medical sciences [...has a] solid training in the medical sciences";
.
(click here,
http://www.naturopathy.org.za/what_is_a_naturopath.htm)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
iii.
.
[in "What is Naturopathy?]
.
"naturopathy, or naturopathic medicine [...is] underpinned by science";
.
(click here,
http://www.naturopathy.org.za/naturopathy_info.htm) 
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
iv.
.
[in "Objectives and Goals of SANA"]
.
"to promote the science, art, philosophy and practice of naturopathic medicine in South Africa";
.
(click here,
http://www.naturopathy.org.za/sana_objectives.htm)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
I.02.c. CAM proponents:
.
.
allbusiness.com states:
.
[in"Bastyr University Hosts National Group On Naturopathic Medicine Research [...]"(2003)]
.
"Leanna Standish, ND, PhD, LAc [is a] Senior Research Scientist at Bastyr University and principal investigator on the grant. 'This has given rise to the increased need for solid, scientific research to back up the hypothesis that naturopathic medicine is effective' [...] Pamela Snider, ND, [an] Associate Dean [of] Public and Professional Affairs at Bastyr and co-investigator [...added] 'naturopathic medicine could significantly affect this trend and scientific research is a vital component of that possibility' [etc....] Bastyr University, in Kenmore, Washington, is an accredited institution, internationally recognized as a pioneer in the study of natural healing. It is the leading university for natural health sciences in the United States";
.
(click here,
http://www.allbusiness.com/government/government-bodies-offices-us-federal-government/5703473-1.html)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
the Alternative Medicine Foundation states:
.
[in “Naturopathic Medicine”]
.
“naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science, referring patients to other practitioners for treatment or diagnosis when appropriate [...] the basic sciences component of naturopathic medical education includes: anatomy, biochemistry, cardiology, clinical & physical diagnosis, dermatology, gynecology, immunology, lab diagnostics, microbiology, minor surgery, neurology, obstetrics, pathology, pediatrics, pharmacology, physiology, and radiology [...] naturopathic physicians are trained to combine and adapt western science-based concepts to treatments that use individual based, non-toxic, natural therapies. As a result, they are able to distinguish when a referral to another branch of medical science for diagnosis and/or treatment is appropriate [...] the methods and therapies used in naturopathic medicine have been the subject of scientific research in peer-reviewed journals from many disciplines [...] the National College of Naturopathic Medicine (NCNM) has a satellite Natural Health Sciences Research Clinic at 545 First Street, Lake Oswego, OR 97034”;
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the American Medical Association states:
.
i.
.
[in "B of T Report 2 - I-06"]
.
"according to AANP, '[a] licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.'";
.
(click here,
http://www.ama-assn.org/ama1/pub/upload/mm/475/bot2i06.doc)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
(or click here,
http://www.ama-assn.org/ama1/pub/upload/mm/38/i-06bot.pdf)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
the American Medical Student Association states:
.
i.
.
[in "AMSA's Naturopathic Medicine Interest Group"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct branch of medical science [...] the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease and are continually reexamined in light of scientific analysis. It is these principles that distinguish the profession from other medical approaches [...] naturopathic physicians (NDs) are primary care providers trained in conventional medical sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
(for a digg.com social bookmark of this page {2007 version}, click h ere,
.
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here {entire},
[defunct](for a youtube.com slideshow of this {in part}, click here {00.00.00-00.00.46},
.
ii.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct branch of medical science [...] the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing [...that] are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease and are today also being examined in light of scientific analysis [...] naturopathic physicians (NDs) attend 4 year full-time residential medical schools and are primary care providers trained in conventional medical sciences [...e.g.] National University of Health Sciences in Lombard, IL";
.
(click here, 
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
the Australian Government states:
.
[in "Natural Therapist"]
.
"Advanced Diploma of Applied Science (Naturopathic Sports Medicine)";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
Cancer Treatment Centers of America state:
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a [...] science [...and is] scientifically grounded [...] natural therapies backed by scientific research";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)[blank]
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine [...] natural therapies backed by scientific research";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a [...] science [...] these professionals have received extensive training in naturopathic medicine, as well as basic biomedical and clinical sciences";
.

(click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medical education involves a four-year post graduate medical degree that includes the study of basic medical sciences (including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathology and microbiology), as well as clinical and physical diagnosis, nutrition, botanical medicine, homeopathy, other natural therapies and pharmacology. Naturopathic doctors at Southeastern meet the higher standards of naturopathic oncology expertise for naturopathic medicine with additional board certification as Fellows in Naturopathic Oncology";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine at Western"]
.
"naturopathic medical education involves a four year post graduate medical degree that includes the study of basic medical sciences (including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathology, and microbiology), as well as clinical and physical diagnosis, nutrition, botanical medicine, homeopathy, other natural therapies, and pharmacology. Selective residencies are available and board certification is available in naturopathic oncology";
.
(click here,
.
.
[diseases]
.
[in "Hodgkin’s Disease Treatments — Naturopathic Medicine”]
.
“naturopathic medicine [...] is an art, a science, a philosophy and a practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness […] including modern and traditional, scientific and empirical methods”;
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine for Laryngeal Cancer"]
.
"naturopathic medicine [...] is an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine for Pancreatic Cancer"]
.
"naturopathic medicine [...] is an art, a science, a philosophy and a practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness [...] including modern and traditional, scientific and empirical methods";
.
(click here,
.
.
[individual NDs]
.
.
[in "Katherine Anderson, ND, FABNO"] 
.
"Bachelor of Science, Mathematics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia; Bachelor of Science, Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University [...] commitment to research; using integrative medicine scientific evidence base to direct patient treatment, translating research studies into practical patient education information";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Aroop Banerji, ND, LAc – Naturopathic Oncology Provider"]
.
"Banerji earned a doctorate degree in naturopathic medicine and a master of science degree in acupuncture from Bastyr University in Kenmore, Washington. He received a bachelor of science degree in environmental toxicology from the University of California, Davis";
.
(click here, 
.
.
[in "Summer Baptist, MS, ND, LAc- Naturopathic Oncology Provider and Acupuncturist"]
.
"Baptist earned a master’s of science in acupuncture and Oriental medicine from the Institute of Clinical Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine in Honolulu, Hawai";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Timothy C. Birdsall, ND, FABNO – Chief Medical Information Officer and Naturopathic Physician"]
.
"he served as Vice President of Integrative Medicine, overseeing our unique treatment model, which combines state-of-the-art conventional medical treatments with scientifically supported therapies such as nutrition therapy and naturopathic medicine [...] for his extensive experience in the area of naturopathic medicine, Dr. Birdsall has been recognized in American Men and Women of Science, Who's Who in America, Who's Who in Science and Engineering, and Who's Who Registry of Global Business Leaders";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Judith Boice, ND, LAc – Naturopathic Oncology Provider"]
.
"'my aim in working with patients is to bring a balance of science and soul, the best of medical research melded with a loving heart'";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Heather Buckle, ND – Naturopathic Oncology Provider"]
.
"Buckle earned a bachelor of science degree in microbiology from the University of Washington";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Aisha Chilcoat, MJ, ND – Naturopathic Resident"]
.
"she holds a master's degree in jurisprudence in health law from Widener University School of Law in Wilmington, Delaware, and a bachelor’s degree in anthropology and natural sciences from The Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Eliot Edwards, ND – Naturopathic Oncology Provider"]
.
"he completed a bachelor of science degree in physics at the State University of New York at Oneonta";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Samantha Hoang, ND – Naturopathic Resident"]
.
"Doctorate, Naturopathic Medicine - National University of Health Sciences, Lombard, IL BA, Pre-Med - University of Wisconsin-Madison [...] Hoang earned a doctorate degree in naturopathic medicine from National University of Health Sciences in Lombard, Illinois. She received a bachelor’s degree in pre-medicine from the University of Wisconsin-Madison";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Daniel Kellman, ND, FABNO – Naturopathic Clinician"]
.
"Daniel Kellman, a naturopathic clinician at CTCA at Southwestern Regional Medical Center (Southwestern) [...] he is a good listener, has an investigative and scientific mind, and is compassionate";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Naini Kohli, ND – Naturopathic Oncology Provider"]
.
"Kohli earned a bachelor of medicine/bachelor of surgery (MBBS) degree from the Government Medical College and Associated Hospitals in Jammu, India. During this time, she completed over five years of medical training in basic and clinical sciences. Specifically, her training included a rotary internship in all major clinical sciences, including preventative and social medicine, as well as a junior residency in obstetrics and gynecology";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Heidi Kussman-Armstrong, ND, FABNO"]
.
"Kussman also holds a bachelor of science degree from the University of Victoria in Victoria, British Columbia";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Vanessa Lee, ND – Naturopathic Oncology Provider"]
.
"'naturopathic medicine appeals to me because it incorporates a holistic view of health and merges that with the scientific side of healthcare,' says Vanessa Lee, a naturopathic oncology provider at Cancer Treatment Centers of America (CTCA) at Midwestern Regional Medical Center";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Khara Lucius, ND – Naturopathic Oncology Provider"]
.
"she received a bachelor of science degree in biological sciences from Ohio University in Athens, Ohio";
.
(click here,
.
.

[in "David K. Oster, ND – Naturopathic Oncology Provider"]
.
" he graduated from Queens University in Kingston in Ontario with a bachelor of science honors degree in pre-medical life sciences";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Craig Peterson, ND, LAc – Naturopathic Resident"]
.
"Peterson earned a doctorate degree in naturopathic medicine and a master of science degree in acupuncture and Oriental medicine from Bastyr University in Kenmore, Washington. He received a bachelor of science degree in biology/pre-med from the University of Minnesota";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Paul Reilly, ND, FABNO, LAc – Naturopathic Physician"]
.
"Dr. Reilly [...] a tireless advocate of combining the best of modern scientific therapeutics with traditional therapies [...] in addition to his practice, Dr. Reilly has been a research consultant for Scientific Botanicals [...] he also served as chairperson of the Scientific Advisory Board of the AANP";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Christina Shannon, ND – Clinical Director of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"she graduated magna cum laude with a bachelor of science degree from the State University of New York in New York City";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Meet Clinician Blogger Christina Shannon ND, FABNO" (2015)]
.
"as a naturopathic doctor and specialist in treating people diagnosed with cancer, I hope to provide reliable, science-based information, in order to create an open dialogue where we all benefit [...] one of my goals when I first chose the field of naturopathic medicine was to introduce this science to as many people as possible. Here at CTCA, I am fulfilling that goal each and every day";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Lena Suhaila, ND – Naturopathic Physician"]
.
"'patients see how we treat all aspects of their condition using a team-based, integrative approach, combining state-of-the-art conventional medicine with scientifically proven naturopathic medicine' [...] certification: advanced homeopathy certificate [...] an advanced homeopathy certificate from the New England School of Homeopathy [...] Dr. Suhaila provides recommendations for herbal medicine, vitamins, minerals, homeopathics and other natural therapies";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Tracey Thomas, ND – Manager of the Naturopathic Residency Program"]
.
"she works one-on-one with her patients, offering individualized, scientifically based recommendations for natural therapies [...] she completed a bachelor of science degree in kinesiology, with an exercise science concentration, at Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Sunhee Williams, ND, MSA, LAc – Naturopathic Oncology Provider"]
.
"Williams received a bachelor of science degree in biology with a concentration in microbiology from Methodist University";
.
(click here,
.
.
[in "Scott Woodworth, ND – Naturopathic Oncology Provider"]
.
"he received a bachelor of science degree in biology from the University of New Brunswick in Fredericton, New Brunswick";
.
(click here,
.
.
Citizens For Health Freedom state:
.
[Florida Naturopathic Physician's Association affiliate]
.
i.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine: The Profession Today"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care - an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles that underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances";
.
(click here,
ii.
.
[in "Frequently Asked Questions About Naturopathy"]
.
"[q.:] what training do naturopathic physicians receive? [A.:] after completing traditional pre-med courses at accredited universities or colleges, N.D.s attend four-year graduate level naturopathic medical schools recognized by the U.S. Department of Education. Emphasizing basic and clinical medical sciences, the curriculum and hours of instruction are comparable to conventional medical schools. [Q.:] must N.D.s pass a competency exam before being licensed? [A.:] yes, every state licensing N.D.s requires that each applicant pass the national Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Exam, or other standardized competency-based board exam that tests basic science and clinical science proficiency";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Clara Jean Foundation states:
.
[in “Naturopathic Medicine”]
.
“naturopathic medicine […] is a distinct system of health care: an art, science, philosophy, and practice of diagnosing, treating, and preventing disease […] the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges form six principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease and are examined continually in light of scientific analysis”;
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
collegesurfing.com states:
.
[in "Bastyr University"]
.
"the nation's premier academic center for the natural health sciences, Bastyr [...] a multidisciplinary curriculum in science-based natural medicine [...] Bastyr’s international faculty teaches the natural health sciences with an emphasis on integrating mind, body, spirit and nature [!!!{supernaturalism, vitalism and kind}]";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
ehealthcare.ca states:
.
[in "Naturopathy. Healing Naturally. Alternative Medicine"]
.
"the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually re-examined in the light of scientific analysis";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
explorehealthcareers.org states:
.
.
[in "Naturopathic Doctor"]
.
"naturopathic physicians collaborate with all other branches of medical science […] some NDs become research scientists […] licensed naturopathic physicians have attended four-year, professional-level programs at accredited institutions, where they have been educated in the same basic sciences as allopathic and osteopathic physicians […] for admission into most naturopathic medicine programs, students must have a bachelor of science degree [not true], including three years of premedical studies. The ND curriculum is comparable to that of any major allopathic [!] or osteopathic medical school. In fact, some naturopathic medical schools require more hours of basic and clinical science than do top allopathic or osteopathic medical schools”;
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page m, click here,
.
(click here,
http://www.explorehealthcareers.org//proxy/Document.120.aspx)(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
the Federal Government's Executive Branch per the White House Commission on Complementary and Alternative Medicine Policy states:
.
[in "Commission Members: Joseph E. Pizzorno, Jr. N.D."]
.
"Joseph E. Pizzorno, Jr. N.D. of Seattle is one of the world's leading authorities on science-based natural medicine [...] he currently travels worldwide, lecturing and promoting science-based natural medicine and integrative healthcare";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center states:
.
.
[in "Science Article – Prevention Research, Naturally" (2002){per Berg, B. (? ?), Woodward, K. (? ?)}]
.
"naturopath Dr. Heather Greenlee [...] is beginning to conduct prevention research with Dr. Johanna Lampe in the Public Health Sciences Division [...] 'scientific inquiry into complementary and alternative treatments such as these is a relatively new area of research,' Lampe said [...] Greenlee received her doctorate in naturopathy from Bastyr University in Kenmore, Wash., internationally recognized as a pioneer in the study of natural healing and the nation's leading university in natural-health sciences [...] Greenlee cautioned [...] 'there is a great deal of scientific debate about how best to study components of complementary and alternative medicine' [...] according to the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians, naturopathic medicine blends natural therapies with current medical and scientific advances in the study of health and human systems [...] naturopathic physicians are licensed as primary-care physicians in the state of Washington. They cooperate with all other branches of medical science";
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
[in "Seeking a Natural Way to Prevent Breast Cancer" (2002)]
.
"Heather Greenlee, N.D., a naturopathic physician and research fellow in Fred Hutchinson's Public Health Sciences Division, is the recent recipient of a three-year postdoctoral training grant from the NCCAM, a recently established branch of the National Institutes of Health […] Greenlee received her doctorate in naturopathy from Bastyr University in Kenmore, Wash., internationally recognized as a pioneer in the study of natural healing and the nation's leading university in natural-health sciences […] naturopathic physicians are licensed as primary-care physicians in the state of Washington. They cooperate with all other branches of medical science";
(click here,
.
.
[in "Thriving Beyond Surviving with Complementary Medicine"]
.
"[per ND James and ND Martin] what is naturopathic medicine? Science-based holistic approach treats body, mind, spirit [...] board certification in naturopathic oncology, FABNO [...] application of art and science of naturopathic medicine to the field of cancer care and treatment [...] evidence: scientific theory";
.
(click here,
.
.
the Goshen Health System - The Retreat Women's Health Center states:
.
[in "Complementary and Alternative Medicine"]
.
"the naturopathic physicians at The Retreat are clinically trained in the use of a wide variety of natural therapeutics. The specialists work with all other branches of medical science, referring patients to other healthcare practitioners for diagnosis or treatment when appropriate";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
healthmap.com states:
.
[in "Features of Naturopathic"]
.
"the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in light of scientific analysis";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine states:
.
[in "The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation's Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population"(2000)]
.
"doctor of naturopathic medicine: a professional who is trained in basic medical science and conventional diagnostics, and qualified through licensing to scientifically apply natural therapeutics in the treatment of disease and restoration of health [...] attends a 4-year, graduate-level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D. [p.333]";
.
[I own](ISBN 0-309-06846-0, 978-0-309-06846-8)
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
.
the National Center For Complementary and Alternative Medicine (DHHS) states:
.
[in "An Introduction to Naturopathy"]
.
"naturopathic physicians are educated and trained in a 4-year, graduate-level program at one of the four U.S. naturopathic medical schools accredited by the Council on Naturopathic Medical Education. Admission requirements include a bachelor’s degree and standard premedical courses. The study program includes basic sciences [...and] clinical sciences [...] a number of beliefs and practices in naturopathy do not follow the scientific approach of conventional medicine [...] sources are primarily recent reviews on the general topic of naturopathy in the peer-reviewed medical and scientific literature in English in the PubMed database, selected evidence-based databases, and Federal Government sources [...e.g.] Standish LJ, Calabrese C, Snider P. The naturopathic medical research agenda: the future and foundation of naturopathic medical science. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2006;12(3):341-345";
.
(click here,
.
.
the National Foundation for Alternative Medicine states:
.
[in "How To Find A Holistic / Alternative Physician"]
.
“naturopathic physicians cooperate with all other branches of medical science”;
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
NaturalHealers.com states:
.
i.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine Schools and Careers Guide"]
.
"a licensed naturopathic physician (ND) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an MD [...] naturopathic medicine, sometimes called 'naturopathy,' is as old as healing itself and as new as the latest discoveries in biochemical sciences [...] the naturopathic medical profession [...has] an ongoing commitment to state-of-the-art scientific research [...] but the rise of 'scientific medicine' [etc....] the modern ND is trained in basic medical science and conventional diagnostics, and is qualified through licensing to scientifically apply natural therapeutics in the treatment of disease and restoration of health [...] as long as you can fulfill the science prerequisites, major in an area that interests you";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
ii.
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine Schools and Careers Q and A"]
.
"the modern ND is trained in basic medical science and conventional diagnostics, and is qualified through licensing to scientifically apply natural therapeutics in the treatment of disease and restoration of health";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic medicine is science-based [...] the first two years of study, include the foundation medical sciences [...] for those applicants whose academic background does not include the sciences, CCNM offers a naturopathic college preparatory program (NCPP)";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
iv.
.
[in "Bastyr University - Naturopathic Medicine Program"]
.
"Bastyr University's scientifically rigorous naturopathic medicine program [...] international reputation for science-based natural medicine [...] outstanding faculty in basic sciences [...] Bastyr educates future leaders in natural health sciences that integrate mind, body, spirit and nature [...] vision: Bastyr University will be the world's leading academic center for advancing knowledge in the natural health sciences [...] the school of naturopathic medicine at Bastyr educates future physicians in the tradition of medical science and the art of natural healing. We do this by providing a comprehensive understanding of the basic medical sciences [...] Bastyr's School of Naturopathic Medicine will be a leading academic center for inspired and scholarly learning in the cultivation of naturopathic doctors. It will accomplish this through education, research, professional leadership, community and clinical services that bridge the worlds of science, nature and spirit [...] founded in 1978 as a college of naturopathic medicine, the institution has continuously broadened its academic offerings, adding other natural health sciences degree programs: acupuncture and oriental medicine, nutrition, exercise science and wellness, health psychology, herbal sciences";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
v.
.
[in "Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine and Health Sciences"]
.
"Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine & Health Sciences, founded in 1992, educates in the art and science of naturopathic medicine [...] naturopathic physicians (NDs) attend a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical program and are educated in all of the same basic sciences as in conventional medical school [...] the curriculum offers a strong foundation in biomedical sciences [...] primary care doctors (respecting the integrated relationship of body and mind while combining the wisdom of traditional healing with the rigor of scientific methods";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the naturopaths' directory states:
.
i.
.
[in "Professional Credentials for Naturopaths"]
.
"MSN: MS (masters of science) in naturopathy: a masters of science accredits expertise in specific fields of naturopathy [...] ND: a naturopathic doctor attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in the same sciences as a conventional medical doctor [...] NMD: a doctor of naturopathic medicine (NMD) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in the same sciences as a conventional medical doctor";
.
(click here,
http://naturopaths.healthprofs.com/cam/content/naturopathy_credentials.html)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
ii.
.
[in "How Should I Choose a Naturopath?"]
.
"licensed naturopathic physician (ND), also known as doctors of naturopathic medicine (NMD), are primary care physicians educated at a four-year graduate-level naturopathic medical school, studying in the same sciences as medical doctors";
.
(click here,
http://naturopaths.healthprofs.com/cam/content/naturopathy_choose.html)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
the Princeton Review states:
.
[in "Naturopathy / Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"in addition to the same basic science and clinical training conventional medical doctors receive, naturopathy students are grounded in naturopathic philosophy and theory [etc....] a popular related degree is the master of science in oriental medicine (M.S.O.M.), a four-year program focused on classical Chinese medicine";
.
(click here,
http://www.theprincetonreview.com/GradPrograms.aspx?gpid=98&page=1&uidbadge=)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
Seattle Cancer Care Alliance {per Robeson, M. (ND Bastyr) and the AANP} states:
.
(SCCA Women’s Wellness Clinic Newsletter{Vol.1, Iss.1})
.
“naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care – an art, science, philosophy, and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary health care – an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is a distinguished by the principles which underlie and determine its practice. These principles are based upon the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually reexamined in the light of scientific advances”;
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
.
.
the Sparks Health System states:
.
[in "Topic: Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"a licensed naturopathic physician (ND) attends a 4-year, graduate-level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as a medical doctor (MD) […] a properly trained naturopathic physician is cooperative with all other branches of medical science";
.
(click here,
http://www.sparks.org/library/healthguide/default/_showTopic.asp?topic_id=1908&pd_id=3275&sgml_id=aa104756)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.
treefarmtapes.com states:
.
i.
.
[in "American Association of Naturopathic Physicians"]
.
"a licensed naturopathic physician (N.D.) attends a four-year graduate level naturopathic medical school and is educated in all of the same basic sciences as an M.D.";
.
(click here,
https://www.treefarmtapes.com/catalog/sponsor1.asp?sponsorid=5+) 
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
ii.
.
[in "Science of Homeopathy and Electronic Medicine"]
.
"Allen Stang [and] Sundara Delphini, ND, MSOM [...] Sponsored by:     Institute of Quantum and Molecular Medicine From Conference: International Congress of BioEnergetic Medicine ~ 10th Annual";
.
(click here,
.
(click here,
.
iii.
.
[in "The Science Underlying Naturopathic Medical Philosophy (2-Tape Set)"]
.
 "over the past 100 years we have witnessed the birth of 'science-based'medical education and practice. The focus on this model has left in its wake a number of supposedly 'non-scientifically' grounded treatment modalities. Among these are the techniques integrated into the core philosophy of naturopathic medicine. This presentation will demonstrate that the core concepts of naturopathic medicine have been identified by basic scientific and clinical research over the past twenty years to be well within the purview of 'scientific medicine.' The conclusion of this presentation is that it is not the lack of science that has retarded the acceptance of naturopathic concepts within allopathic medicine, but rather the way that the available science has been interpreted and applied through the pathophysiological model of medicine over the past fifty years";
.
(click here,
.
.
wellness.com states:
.
[in "Naturopathic Medicine"]
.
"naturopathic physicians [...have studied] the basic medical sciences [...] the practice of naturopathic medicine emerges from six underlying principles of healing. These principles are based on the objective observation of the nature of health and disease, and are continually re-examined in light of scientific analysis";
.
(click here,
http://www.wellness.com/reference/healthwellness/naturopathic-medicine/)
(archived here,
)
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
)
.
.